This is xnu-6153.11.26. See this file in:
#ifdef T_NAMESPACE
#undef T_NAMESPACE
#endif /* defined(T_NAMESPACE) */

#include <darwintest.h>
#include <darwintest_utils.h>
#include <dispatch/dispatch.h>
#include <inttypes.h>
#include <ktrace/session.h>
#include <ktrace/private.h>
#include <System/sys/kdebug.h>
#include <kperf/kpc.h>
#include <kperf/kperf.h>
#include <kperfdata/kpdecode.h>
#include <os/assumes.h>
#include <stdint.h>
#include <sys/sysctl.h>

#include "kperf_helpers.h"
#include "ktrace_helpers.h"

T_GLOBAL_META(
	T_META_NAMESPACE("xnu.kperf"),
	T_META_CHECK_LEAKS(false),
	T_META_ASROOT(true));

#define MAX_CPUS    64
#define MAX_THREADS 64

volatile static bool running_threads = true;

static void *
spinning_thread(void *semp)
{
	T_QUIET;
	T_ASSERT_NOTNULL(semp, "semaphore passed to thread should not be NULL");
	dispatch_semaphore_signal(*(dispatch_semaphore_t *)semp);

	while (running_threads) {
		;
	}
	return NULL;
}

#define PERF_STK_KHDR   UINT32_C(0x25020014)
#define PERF_STK_UHDR   UINT32_C(0x25020018)
#define PERF_TMR_FIRE   KDBG_EVENTID(DBG_PERF, 3, 0)
#define PERF_TMR_HNDLR  KDBG_EVENTID(DBG_PERF, 3, 2)
#define PERF_TMR_PEND   KDBG_EVENTID(DBG_PERF, 3, 3)
#define PERF_TMR_SKIP   KDBG_EVENTID(DBG_PERF, 3, 4)
#define PERF_KPC_CONFIG KDBG_EVENTID(DBG_PERF, 6, 4)
#define PERF_KPC_REG    KDBG_EVENTID(DBG_PERF, 6, 5)
#define PERF_KPC_REG32  KDBG_EVENTID(DBG_PERF, 6, 7)
#define PERF_INSTR_DATA KDBG_EVENTID(DBG_PERF, 1, 17)

#define SCHED_HANDOFF KDBG_EVENTID(DBG_MACH, DBG_MACH_SCHED, \
	        MACH_STACK_HANDOFF)
#define SCHED_SWITCH  KDBG_EVENTID(DBG_MACH, DBG_MACH_SCHED, MACH_SCHED)
#define SCHED_IDLE    KDBG_EVENTID(DBG_MACH, DBG_MACH_SCHED, MACH_IDLE)

#define MP_CPUS_CALL UINT32_C(0x1900004)

#define DISPATCH_AFTER_EVENT UINT32_C(0xfefffffc)
#define TIMEOUT_SECS 10

#define TIMER_PERIOD_NS (1 * NSEC_PER_MSEC)

/*
 * Ensure that kperf is correctly IPIing CPUs that are actively scheduling by
 * bringing up threads and ensuring that threads on-core are sampled by each
 * timer fire.
 */

T_DECL(ipi_active_cpus,
    "make sure that kperf IPIs all active CPUs")
{
	start_controlling_ktrace();

	int ncpus = dt_ncpu();
	T_QUIET;
	T_ASSERT_LT(ncpus, MAX_CPUS,
	    "only supports up to %d CPUs", MAX_CPUS);
	T_LOG("found %d CPUs", ncpus);

	int nthreads = ncpus - 1;
	T_QUIET;
	T_ASSERT_LT(nthreads, MAX_THREADS,
	    "only supports up to %d threads", MAX_THREADS);

	static pthread_t threads[MAX_THREADS];

	/*
	 * TODO options to write this to a file and reinterpret a file...
	 */

	/*
	 * Create threads to bring up all of the CPUs.
	 */

	dispatch_semaphore_t thread_spinning = dispatch_semaphore_create(0);

	for (int i = 0; i < nthreads; i++) {
		T_QUIET;
		T_ASSERT_POSIX_ZERO(
			pthread_create(&threads[i], NULL, &spinning_thread,
			&thread_spinning), NULL);
		dispatch_semaphore_wait(thread_spinning, DISPATCH_TIME_FOREVER);
	}

	T_LOG("spun up %d thread%s", nthreads, nthreads == 1 ? "" : "s");

	ktrace_session_t s = ktrace_session_create();
	T_WITH_ERRNO; T_ASSERT_NOTNULL(s, "ktrace_session_create");

	dispatch_queue_t q = dispatch_get_global_queue(QOS_CLASS_USER_INITIATED, 0);

	/*
	 * Only set the timeout after we've seen an event that was traced by us.
	 * This helps set a reasonable timeout after we're guaranteed to get a
	 * few events.
	 */

	ktrace_events_single(s, DISPATCH_AFTER_EVENT,
	    ^(__unused struct trace_point *tp)
	{
		dispatch_after(dispatch_time(DISPATCH_TIME_NOW,
		TIMEOUT_SECS * NSEC_PER_SEC), q, ^{
			ktrace_end(s, 0);
		});
	});

	__block uint64_t nfires = 0;
	__block uint64_t nsamples = 0;
	static uint64_t idle_tids[MAX_CPUS] = { 0 };
	__block int nidles = 0;

	ktrace_set_completion_handler(s, ^{
		T_LOG("stopping threads");

		running_threads = false;

		for (int i = 0; i < nthreads; i++) {
		        T_QUIET;
		        T_ASSERT_POSIX_ZERO(pthread_join(threads[i], NULL), NULL);
		}

		for (int i = 0; i < nidles; i++) {
		        T_LOG("CPU %d idle thread: %#" PRIx64, i, idle_tids[i]);
		}

		T_LOG("saw %" PRIu64 " timer fires, %" PRIu64 " samples, "
		"%g samples/fire", nfires, nsamples,
		(double)nsamples / (double)nfires);

		T_END;
	});

	/*
	 * Track which threads are running on each CPU.
	 */

	static uint64_t tids_on_cpu[MAX_CPUS] = { 0 };

	void (^switch_cb)(struct trace_point *) = ^(struct trace_point *tp) {
		uint64_t new_thread = tp->arg2;
		// uint64_t old_thread = tp->threadid;

		for (int i = 0; i < nidles; i++) {
			if (idle_tids[i] == new_thread) {
				return;
			}
		}

		tids_on_cpu[tp->cpuid] = new_thread;
	};

	ktrace_events_single(s, SCHED_SWITCH, switch_cb);
	ktrace_events_single(s, SCHED_HANDOFF, switch_cb);

	/*
	 * Determine the thread IDs of the idle threads on each CPU.
	 */

	ktrace_events_single(s, SCHED_IDLE, ^(struct trace_point *tp) {
		uint64_t idle_thread = tp->threadid;

		tids_on_cpu[tp->cpuid] = 0;

		for (int i = 0; i < nidles; i++) {
		        if (idle_tids[i] == idle_thread) {
		                return;
			}
		}

		idle_tids[nidles++] = idle_thread;
	});

	/*
	 * On each timer fire, go through all the cores and mark any threads
	 * that should be sampled.
	 */

	__block int last_fire_cpu = -1;
	__block uint64_t sample_missing = 0;
	static uint64_t tids_snap[MAX_CPUS] = { 0 };
	__block int nexpected = 0;
#if defined(__x86_64__)
	__block int xcall_from_cpu = -1;
#endif /* defined(__x86_64__) */
	__block uint64_t xcall_mask = 0;

	ktrace_events_single(s, PERF_TMR_FIRE, ^(struct trace_point *tp) {
		int last_expected = nexpected;
		nfires++;

		nexpected = 0;
		for (int i = 0; i < ncpus; i++) {
		        uint64_t i_bit = UINT64_C(1) << i;
		        if (sample_missing & i_bit) {
		                T_LOG("missed sample on CPU %d for thread %#llx from timer on CPU %d (xcall mask = %llx, expected %d samples)",
		                tp->cpuid, tids_snap[i], last_fire_cpu,
		                xcall_mask, last_expected);
		                sample_missing &= ~i_bit;
			}

		        if (tids_on_cpu[i] != 0) {
		                tids_snap[i] = tids_on_cpu[i];
		                sample_missing |= i_bit;
		                nexpected++;
			}
		}

		T_QUIET;
		T_ASSERT_LT((int)tp->cpuid, ncpus, "timer fire should not occur on an IOP");
		last_fire_cpu = (int)tp->cpuid;
#if defined(__x86_64__)
		xcall_from_cpu = (int)tp->cpuid;
#endif /* defined(__x86_64__) */
	});

#if defined(__x86_64__)
	/*
	 * Watch for the cross-call on Intel, make sure they match what kperf
	 * should be doing.
	 */

	ktrace_events_single(s, MP_CPUS_CALL, ^(struct trace_point *tp) {
		if (xcall_from_cpu != (int)tp->cpuid) {
		        return;
		}

		xcall_mask = tp->arg1;
		xcall_from_cpu = -1;
	});
#endif /* defined(__x86_64__) */

	/*
	 * On the timer handler for each CPU, unset the missing sample bitmap.
	 */

	ktrace_events_single(s, PERF_TMR_HNDLR, ^(struct trace_point *tp) {
		nsamples++;
		if ((int)tp->cpuid > ncpus) {
		        /* skip IOPs; they're not scheduling our threads */
		        return;
		}

		sample_missing &= ~(UINT64_C(1) << tp->cpuid);
	});

	/*
	 * Configure kperf and ktrace.
	 */

	(void)kperf_action_count_set(1);
	T_QUIET;
	T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kperf_action_samplers_set(1, KPERF_SAMPLER_KSTACK),
	    NULL);
	(void)kperf_timer_count_set(1);
	T_QUIET;
	T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kperf_timer_period_set(0,
	    kperf_ns_to_ticks(TIMER_PERIOD_NS)), NULL);
	T_QUIET;
	T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kperf_timer_action_set(0, 1), NULL);

	T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kperf_sample_set(1), "start kperf sampling");

	T_ASSERT_POSIX_ZERO(ktrace_start(s,
	    dispatch_get_global_queue(QOS_CLASS_USER_INITIATED, 0)),
	    "start ktrace");

	kdebug_trace(DISPATCH_AFTER_EVENT, 0, 0, 0, 0);

	dispatch_main();
}

#pragma mark kdebug triggers

#define KDEBUG_TRIGGER_TIMEOUT_NS (10 * NSEC_PER_SEC)

#define NON_TRIGGER_CLASS    UINT32_C(0xfd)
#define NON_TRIGGER_SUBCLASS UINT32_C(0xff)
#define NON_TRIGGER_CODE     UINT32_C(0xff)

#define NON_TRIGGER_EVENT \
	        (KDBG_EVENTID(NON_TRIGGER_CLASS, NON_TRIGGER_SUBCLASS, \
	        NON_TRIGGER_CODE))

static void
expect_kdebug_trigger(const char *filter_desc, const uint32_t *debugids,
    unsigned int n_debugids)
{
	__block int missing_kernel_stacks = 0;
	__block int missing_user_stacks = 0;
	ktrace_session_t s;
	kperf_kdebug_filter_t filter;

	s = ktrace_session_create();
	T_QUIET; T_ASSERT_NOTNULL(s, NULL);

	ktrace_events_single(s, PERF_STK_KHDR, ^(struct trace_point *tp) {
		missing_kernel_stacks--;
		T_LOG("saw kernel stack with %" PRIu64 " frames, flags = %#"
		PRIx64, tp->arg2, tp->arg1);
	});
	ktrace_events_single(s, PERF_STK_UHDR, ^(struct trace_point *tp) {
		missing_user_stacks--;
		T_LOG("saw user stack with %" PRIu64 " frames, flags = %#"
		PRIx64, tp->arg2, tp->arg1);
	});

	for (unsigned int i = 0; i < n_debugids; i++) {
		ktrace_events_single(s, debugids[i], ^(struct trace_point *tp) {
			missing_kernel_stacks++;
			missing_user_stacks++;
			T_LOG("saw event with debugid 0x%" PRIx32, tp->debugid);
		});
	}

	ktrace_events_single(s, NON_TRIGGER_EVENT,
	    ^(__unused struct trace_point *tp)
	{
		ktrace_end(s, 0);
	});

	ktrace_set_completion_handler(s, ^{
		T_EXPECT_LE(missing_kernel_stacks, 0, NULL);
		T_EXPECT_LE(missing_user_stacks, 0, NULL);

		ktrace_session_destroy(s);
		T_END;
	});

	/* configure kperf */

	kperf_reset();

	(void)kperf_action_count_set(1);
	T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kperf_action_samplers_set(1,
	    KPERF_SAMPLER_KSTACK | KPERF_SAMPLER_USTACK), NULL);

	filter = kperf_kdebug_filter_create();
	T_ASSERT_NOTNULL(filter, NULL);

	T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kperf_kdebug_action_set(1), NULL);
	T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kperf_kdebug_filter_add_desc(filter, filter_desc),
	    NULL);
	T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kperf_kdebug_filter_set(filter), NULL);
	kperf_kdebug_filter_destroy(filter);

	T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kperf_sample_set(1), NULL);

	T_ASSERT_POSIX_ZERO(ktrace_start(s, dispatch_get_main_queue()), NULL);

	/* trace the triggering debugids */

	for (unsigned int i = 0; i < n_debugids; i++) {
		T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kdebug_trace(debugids[i], 0, 0, 0, 0), NULL);
	}

	T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kdebug_trace(NON_TRIGGER_EVENT, 0, 0, 0, 0), NULL);

	dispatch_after(dispatch_time(DISPATCH_TIME_NOW, KDEBUG_TRIGGER_TIMEOUT_NS),
	    dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^(void)
	{
		ktrace_end(s, 1);
	});
}

#define TRIGGER_CLASS     UINT32_C(0xfe)
#define TRIGGER_CLASS_END UINT32_C(0xfd)
#define TRIGGER_SUBCLASS  UINT32_C(0xff)
#define TRIGGER_CODE      UINT32_C(0)
#define TRIGGER_DEBUGID \
	        (KDBG_EVENTID(TRIGGER_CLASS, TRIGGER_SUBCLASS, TRIGGER_CODE))

T_DECL(kdebug_trigger_classes,
    "test that kdebug trigger samples on classes")
{
	start_controlling_ktrace();

	const uint32_t class_debugids[] = {
		KDBG_EVENTID(TRIGGER_CLASS, 1, 1),
		KDBG_EVENTID(TRIGGER_CLASS, 2, 1),
		KDBG_EVENTID(TRIGGER_CLASS_END, 1, 1) | DBG_FUNC_END,
		KDBG_EVENTID(TRIGGER_CLASS_END, 2, 1) | DBG_FUNC_END,
	};

	expect_kdebug_trigger("C0xfe,C0xfdr", class_debugids,
	    sizeof(class_debugids) / sizeof(class_debugids[0]));
	dispatch_main();
}

T_DECL(kdebug_trigger_subclasses,
    "test that kdebug trigger samples on subclasses")
{
	start_controlling_ktrace();

	const uint32_t subclass_debugids[] = {
		KDBG_EVENTID(TRIGGER_CLASS, TRIGGER_SUBCLASS, 0),
		KDBG_EVENTID(TRIGGER_CLASS, TRIGGER_SUBCLASS, 1),
		KDBG_EVENTID(TRIGGER_CLASS_END, TRIGGER_SUBCLASS, 0) | DBG_FUNC_END,
		KDBG_EVENTID(TRIGGER_CLASS_END, TRIGGER_SUBCLASS, 1) | DBG_FUNC_END
	};

	expect_kdebug_trigger("S0xfeff,S0xfdffr", subclass_debugids,
	    sizeof(subclass_debugids) / sizeof(subclass_debugids[0]));
	dispatch_main();
}

T_DECL(kdebug_trigger_debugids,
    "test that kdebug trigger samples on debugids")
{
	start_controlling_ktrace();

	const uint32_t debugids[] = {
		TRIGGER_DEBUGID
	};

	expect_kdebug_trigger("D0xfeff0000", debugids,
	    sizeof(debugids) / sizeof(debugids[0]));
	dispatch_main();
}

/*
 * TODO Set a single function specifier filter, expect not to trigger of all
 * events from that class.
 */

static void
reset_kperf(void)
{
	(void)kperf_reset();
}

T_DECL(kdbg_callstacks,
    "test that the kdbg_callstacks samples on syscalls")
{
	start_controlling_ktrace();

	ktrace_session_t s;
	__block bool saw_user_stack = false;

	s = ktrace_session_create();
	T_ASSERT_NOTNULL(s, NULL);

	/*
	 * Make sure BSD events are traced in order to trigger samples on syscalls.
	 */
	ktrace_events_class(s, DBG_BSD, ^void (__unused struct trace_point *tp) {});

	ktrace_events_single(s, PERF_STK_UHDR, ^(__unused struct trace_point *tp) {
		saw_user_stack = true;
		ktrace_end(s, 1);
	});

	ktrace_set_completion_handler(s, ^{
		ktrace_session_destroy(s);

		T_EXPECT_TRUE(saw_user_stack,
		"saw user stack after configuring kdbg_callstacks");
		T_END;
	});

#pragma clang diagnostic push
#pragma clang diagnostic ignored "-Wdeprecated-declarations"
	T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kperf_kdbg_callstacks_set(1), NULL);
#pragma clang diagnostic pop
	T_ATEND(reset_kperf);

	T_ASSERT_POSIX_ZERO(ktrace_start(s, dispatch_get_main_queue()), NULL);

	dispatch_after(dispatch_time(DISPATCH_TIME_NOW, 10 * NSEC_PER_SEC),
	    dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^(void) {
		ktrace_end(s, 1);
	});

	dispatch_main();
}

#pragma mark PET

#define STACKS_WAIT_DURATION_NS (3 * NSEC_PER_SEC)

static void
expect_stacks_traced(void (^cb)(void))
{
	ktrace_session_t s;

	s = ktrace_session_create();
	T_QUIET; T_ASSERT_NOTNULL(s, "ktrace_session_create");

	__block unsigned int user_stacks = 0;
	__block unsigned int kernel_stacks = 0;

	ktrace_events_single(s, PERF_STK_UHDR, ^(__unused struct trace_point *tp) {
		user_stacks++;
	});
	ktrace_events_single(s, PERF_STK_KHDR, ^(__unused struct trace_point *tp) {
		kernel_stacks++;
	});

	ktrace_set_completion_handler(s, ^(void) {
		ktrace_session_destroy(s);
		T_EXPECT_GT(user_stacks, 0U, NULL);
		T_EXPECT_GT(kernel_stacks, 0U, NULL);
		cb();
	});

	T_QUIET; T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kperf_sample_set(1), NULL);

	T_ASSERT_POSIX_ZERO(ktrace_start(s, dispatch_get_main_queue()), NULL);

	dispatch_after(dispatch_time(DISPATCH_TIME_NOW, STACKS_WAIT_DURATION_NS),
	    dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^(void)
	{
		kperf_reset();
		ktrace_end(s, 0);
	});
}

T_DECL(pet, "test that PET mode samples kernel and user stacks")
{
	start_controlling_ktrace();

	configure_kperf_stacks_timer(-1, 10);
	T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kperf_timer_pet_set(0), NULL);

	expect_stacks_traced(^(void) {
		T_END;
	});

	dispatch_main();
}

T_DECL(lightweight_pet,
    "test that lightweight PET mode samples kernel and user stacks",
    T_META_ASROOT(true))
{
	start_controlling_ktrace();

	int set = 1;

	configure_kperf_stacks_timer(-1, 10);
	T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(sysctlbyname("kperf.lightweight_pet", NULL, NULL,
	    &set, sizeof(set)), NULL);
	T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kperf_timer_pet_set(0), NULL);

	expect_stacks_traced(^(void) {
		T_END;
	});

	dispatch_main();
}

T_DECL(pet_stress, "repeatedly enable and disable PET mode")
{
	start_controlling_ktrace();

	int niters = 1000;
	while (niters--) {
		configure_kperf_stacks_timer(-1, 10);
		T_QUIET; T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kperf_timer_pet_set(0), NULL);
		usleep(20);
		kperf_reset();
	}
	;
}

T_DECL(timer_stress, "repeatedly enable and disable timers")
{
	start_controlling_ktrace();

	int niters = 1000;
	while (niters--) {
		configure_kperf_stacks_timer(-1, 1);
		usleep(20);
		kperf_reset();
	}
	;
}

T_DECL(pmc_config_only, "shouldn't show PMC config events unless requested")
{
	start_controlling_ktrace();

	__block bool saw_kpc_config = false;
	__block bool saw_kpc_reg = false;

	ktrace_session_t s = ktrace_session_create();
	T_ASSERT_NOTNULL(s, "ktrace_session_create");

	/*
	 * Make sure BSD events are traced in order to trigger samples on syscalls.
	 */
	ktrace_events_single(s, PERF_KPC_CONFIG,
	    ^(__unused struct trace_point *tp) {
		saw_kpc_config = true;
	});
	ktrace_events_single(s, PERF_KPC_REG,
	    ^(__unused struct trace_point *tp) {
		saw_kpc_reg = true;
	});
	ktrace_events_single(s, PERF_KPC_REG32,
	    ^(__unused struct trace_point *tp) {
		saw_kpc_reg = true;
	});

	ktrace_set_completion_handler(s, ^{
		ktrace_session_destroy(s);
		T_EXPECT_FALSE(saw_kpc_config,
		"should see no KPC configs without sampler enabled");
		T_EXPECT_FALSE(saw_kpc_reg,
		"should see no KPC registers without sampler enabled");
		T_END;
	});

	uint32_t nconfigs = kpc_get_config_count(KPC_CLASS_CONFIGURABLE_MASK);
	uint64_t *config = calloc(nconfigs, sizeof(*config));
	config[0] = 0x02;
	int ret = kpc_set_config(KPC_CLASS_CONFIGURABLE_MASK, config);
	T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(ret, "configured kpc");
	T_QUIET;
	T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kpc_set_counting(KPC_CLASS_CONFIGURABLE_MASK),
	    "kpc_set_counting");

	(void)kperf_action_count_set(1);
	T_ATEND(reset_kperf);
	T_QUIET;
	T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kperf_action_samplers_set(1, KPERF_SAMPLER_PMC_CPU),
	    NULL);

	(void)kperf_timer_count_set(1);
	T_QUIET;
	T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kperf_timer_period_set(0,
	    kperf_ns_to_ticks(TIMER_PERIOD_NS)), NULL);
	T_QUIET;
	T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kperf_timer_action_set(0, 1), NULL);

	T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kperf_sample_set(1), "start kperf sampling");

	T_ASSERT_POSIX_ZERO(ktrace_start(s, dispatch_get_main_queue()), NULL);

	dispatch_after(dispatch_time(DISPATCH_TIME_NOW, 10 * NSEC_PER_SEC),
	    dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^(void) {
		ktrace_end(s, 1);
	});

	dispatch_main();
}

static void
skip_if_monotonic_unsupported(void)
{
	int r;
	int supported = 0;
	size_t supported_size = sizeof(supported);

	r = sysctlbyname("kern.monotonic.supported", &supported, &supported_size,
	    NULL, 0);
	if (r < 0) {
		T_WITH_ERRNO;
		T_SKIP("could not find \"kern.monotonic.supported\" sysctl");
	}

	if (!supported) {
		T_SKIP("monotonic is not supported on this platform");
	}
}

#define INSTRS_CYCLES_UPPER 500
#define INSTRS_CYCLES_LOWER 50

T_DECL(instrs_cycles, "ensure instructions and cycles are sampled")
{
	skip_if_monotonic_unsupported();

	start_controlling_ktrace();

	ktrace_session_t sess = ktrace_session_create();

	__block uint64_t ninstrs_cycles = 0;
	__block uint64_t nzeroes = 0;
	ktrace_events_single(sess, PERF_INSTR_DATA,
	    ^(__unused struct trace_point *tp) {
		ninstrs_cycles++;
		if (tp->arg1 == 0) {
			T_LOG("%llx (%s)\n", tp->threadid, tp->command);
			nzeroes++;
		}
		if (ninstrs_cycles >= INSTRS_CYCLES_UPPER) {
			ktrace_end(sess, 1);
		}
	});

	ktrace_set_collection_interval(sess, 200);

	ktrace_set_completion_handler(sess, ^{
		T_EXPECT_GE(ninstrs_cycles, (uint64_t)INSTRS_CYCLES_LOWER,
		    "saw enough instructions and cycles events");
		T_EXPECT_EQ(nzeroes, UINT64_C(0),
		    "saw no events with 0 instructions");
		T_END;
	});

	(void)kperf_action_count_set(1);
	T_ATEND(reset_kperf);
	T_QUIET;
	T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kperf_action_samplers_set(1,
	    KPERF_SAMPLER_TH_INSTRS_CYCLES), NULL);

	(void)kperf_timer_count_set(1);
	T_QUIET;
	T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kperf_timer_period_set(0,
	    kperf_ns_to_ticks(TIMER_PERIOD_NS)), NULL);
	T_QUIET;
	T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kperf_timer_action_set(0, 1), NULL);

	T_ASSERT_POSIX_SUCCESS(kperf_sample_set(1), "start kperf sampling");

	T_ASSERT_POSIX_ZERO(ktrace_start(sess, dispatch_get_main_queue()),
	    NULL);

	dispatch_after(dispatch_time(DISPATCH_TIME_NOW, 10 * NSEC_PER_SEC),
	    dispatch_get_main_queue(), ^(void) {
		ktrace_end(sess, 1);
	});

	dispatch_main();
}