This is xnu-8019. See this file in:
/*
 * Copyright (c) 2000-2008 Apple Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * @APPLE_OSREFERENCE_LICENSE_HEADER_START@
 *
 * This file contains Original Code and/or Modifications of Original Code
 * as defined in and that are subject to the Apple Public Source License
 * Version 2.0 (the 'License'). You may not use this file except in
 * compliance with the License. The rights granted to you under the License
 * may not be used to create, or enable the creation or redistribution of,
 * unlawful or unlicensed copies of an Apple operating system, or to
 * circumvent, violate, or enable the circumvention or violation of, any
 * terms of an Apple operating system software license agreement.
 *
 * Please obtain a copy of the License at
 * http://www.opensource.apple.com/apsl/ and read it before using this file.
 *
 * The Original Code and all software distributed under the License are
 * distributed on an 'AS IS' basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER
 * EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AND APPLE HEREBY DISCLAIMS ALL SUCH WARRANTIES,
 * INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, QUIET ENJOYMENT OR NON-INFRINGEMENT.
 * Please see the License for the specific language governing rights and
 * limitations under the License.
 *
 * @APPLE_OSREFERENCE_LICENSE_HEADER_END@
 */
/* Copyright (c) 1995 NeXT Computer, Inc. All Rights Reserved */
/*
 * Copyright (c) 1982, 1986, 1989, 1993
 *	The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *	This product includes software developed by the University of
 *	California, Berkeley and its contributors.
 * 4. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 *	@(#)kern_time.c	8.4 (Berkeley) 5/26/95
 */
/*
 * NOTICE: This file was modified by SPARTA, Inc. in 2005 to introduce
 * support for mandatory and extensible security protections.  This notice
 * is included in support of clause 2.2 (b) of the Apple Public License,
 * Version 2.0.
 */

#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/resourcevar.h>
#include <sys/kernel.h>
#include <sys/systm.h>
#include <sys/proc_internal.h>
#include <sys/kauth.h>
#include <sys/vnode.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <sys/priv.h>

#include <sys/mount_internal.h>
#include <sys/sysproto.h>
#include <sys/signalvar.h>
#include <sys/protosw.h> /* for net_uptime2timeval() */

#include <kern/clock.h>
#include <kern/task.h>
#include <kern/thread_call.h>
#if CONFIG_MACF
#include <security/mac_framework.h>
#endif
#include <IOKit/IOBSD.h>
#include <sys/time.h>
#include <kern/remote_time.h>

#define HZ      100     /* XXX */

/* simple lock used to access timezone, tz structure */
static LCK_GRP_DECLARE(tz_slock_grp, "tzlock");
static LCK_SPIN_DECLARE(tz_slock, &tz_slock_grp);

static void             setthetime(
	struct timeval  *tv);

static boolean_t timeval_fixusec(struct timeval *t1);

/*
 * Time of day and interval timer support.
 *
 * These routines provide the kernel entry points to get and set
 * the time-of-day and per-process interval timers.  Subroutines
 * here provide support for adding and subtracting timeval structures
 * and decrementing interval timers, optionally reloading the interval
 * timers when they expire.
 */
/* ARGSUSED */
int
gettimeofday(
	struct proc     *p,
	struct gettimeofday_args *uap,
	__unused int32_t *retval)
{
	int error = 0;
	struct timezone ltz; /* local copy */
	clock_sec_t secs;
	clock_usec_t usecs;
	uint64_t mach_time;

	if (uap->tp || uap->mach_absolute_time) {
		clock_gettimeofday_and_absolute_time(&secs, &usecs, &mach_time);
	}

	if (uap->tp) {
		/* Casting secs through a uint32_t to match arm64 commpage */
		if (IS_64BIT_PROCESS(p)) {
			struct user64_timeval user_atv = {};
			user_atv.tv_sec = (uint32_t)secs;
			user_atv.tv_usec = usecs;
			error = copyout(&user_atv, uap->tp, sizeof(user_atv));
		} else {
			struct user32_timeval user_atv = {};
			user_atv.tv_sec = (uint32_t)secs;
			user_atv.tv_usec = usecs;
			error = copyout(&user_atv, uap->tp, sizeof(user_atv));
		}
		if (error) {
			return error;
		}
	}

	if (uap->tzp) {
		lck_spin_lock(&tz_slock);
		ltz = tz;
		lck_spin_unlock(&tz_slock);

		error = copyout((caddr_t)&ltz, CAST_USER_ADDR_T(uap->tzp), sizeof(tz));
	}

	if (error == 0 && uap->mach_absolute_time) {
		error = copyout(&mach_time, uap->mach_absolute_time, sizeof(mach_time));
	}

	return error;
}

/*
 * XXX Y2038 bug because of setthetime() argument
 */
/* ARGSUSED */
int
settimeofday(__unused struct proc *p, struct settimeofday_args  *uap, __unused int32_t *retval)
{
	struct timeval atv;
	struct timezone atz;
	int error;

	bzero(&atv, sizeof(atv));

	/* Check that this task is entitled to set the time or it is root */
	if (!IOCurrentTaskHasEntitlement(SETTIME_ENTITLEMENT)) {
#if CONFIG_MACF
		error = mac_system_check_settime(kauth_cred_get());
		if (error) {
			return error;
		}
#endif
#if defined(XNU_TARGET_OS_OSX)
		if ((error = suser(kauth_cred_get(), &p->p_acflag))) {
			return error;
		}
#endif
	}

	/* Verify all parameters before changing time */
	if (uap->tv) {
		if (IS_64BIT_PROCESS(p)) {
			struct user64_timeval user_atv;
			error = copyin(uap->tv, &user_atv, sizeof(user_atv));
			atv.tv_sec = (__darwin_time_t)user_atv.tv_sec;
			atv.tv_usec = user_atv.tv_usec;
		} else {
			struct user32_timeval user_atv;
			error = copyin(uap->tv, &user_atv, sizeof(user_atv));
			atv.tv_sec = user_atv.tv_sec;
			atv.tv_usec = user_atv.tv_usec;
		}
		if (error) {
			return error;
		}
	}
	if (uap->tzp && (error = copyin(uap->tzp, (caddr_t)&atz, sizeof(atz)))) {
		return error;
	}
	if (uap->tv) {
		/* only positive values of sec/usec are accepted */
		if (atv.tv_sec < 0 || atv.tv_usec < 0) {
			return EPERM;
		}
		if (!timeval_fixusec(&atv)) {
			return EPERM;
		}
		setthetime(&atv);
	}
	if (uap->tzp) {
		lck_spin_lock(&tz_slock);
		tz = atz;
		lck_spin_unlock(&tz_slock);
	}
	return 0;
}

static void
setthetime(
	struct timeval  *tv)
{
	clock_set_calendar_microtime(tv->tv_sec, tv->tv_usec);
}

/*
 *	Verify the calendar value.  If negative,
 *	reset to zero (the epoch).
 */
void
inittodr(
	__unused time_t base)
{
	struct timeval  tv;

	/*
	 * Assertion:
	 * The calendar has already been
	 * set up from the platform clock.
	 *
	 * The value returned by microtime()
	 * is gotten from the calendar.
	 */
	microtime(&tv);

	if (tv.tv_sec < 0 || tv.tv_usec < 0) {
		printf("WARNING: preposterous time in Real Time Clock");
		tv.tv_sec = 0;          /* the UNIX epoch */
		tv.tv_usec = 0;
		setthetime(&tv);
		printf(" -- CHECK AND RESET THE DATE!\n");
	}
}

time_t
boottime_sec(void)
{
	clock_sec_t             secs;
	clock_nsec_t    nanosecs;

	clock_get_boottime_nanotime(&secs, &nanosecs);
	return secs;
}

void
boottime_timeval(struct timeval *tv)
{
	clock_sec_t             secs;
	clock_usec_t    microsecs;

	clock_get_boottime_microtime(&secs, &microsecs);

	tv->tv_sec = secs;
	tv->tv_usec = microsecs;
}

/*
 * Get value of an interval timer.  The process virtual and
 * profiling virtual time timers are kept internally in the
 * way they are specified externally: in time until they expire.
 *
 * The real time interval timer expiration time (p_rtime)
 * is kept as an absolute time rather than as a delta, so that
 * it is easy to keep periodic real-time signals from drifting.
 *
 * The real time timer is processed by a callout routine.
 * Since a callout may be delayed in real time due to
 * other processing in the system, it is possible for the real
 * time callout routine (realitexpire, given below), to be delayed
 * in real time past when it is supposed to occur.  It does not
 * suffice, therefore, to reload the real time .it_value from the
 * real time .it_interval.  Rather, we compute the next time in
 * absolute time when the timer should go off.
 *
 * Returns:	0			Success
 *		EINVAL			Invalid argument
 *	copyout:EFAULT			Bad address
 */
/* ARGSUSED */
int
getitimer(struct proc *p, struct getitimer_args *uap, __unused int32_t *retval)
{
	struct itimerval aitv;

	if (uap->which > ITIMER_PROF) {
		return EINVAL;
	}

	bzero(&aitv, sizeof(aitv));

	proc_spinlock(p);
	switch (uap->which) {
	case ITIMER_REAL:
		/*
		 * If time for real time timer has passed return 0,
		 * else return difference between current time and
		 * time for the timer to go off.
		 */
		aitv = p->p_realtimer;
		if (timerisset(&p->p_rtime)) {
			struct timeval          now;

			microuptime(&now);
			if (timercmp(&p->p_rtime, &now, <)) {
				timerclear(&aitv.it_value);
			} else {
				aitv.it_value = p->p_rtime;
				timevalsub(&aitv.it_value, &now);
			}
		} else {
			timerclear(&aitv.it_value);
		}
		break;

	case ITIMER_VIRTUAL:
		aitv = p->p_vtimer_user;
		break;

	case ITIMER_PROF:
		aitv = p->p_vtimer_prof;
		break;
	}

	proc_spinunlock(p);

	if (IS_64BIT_PROCESS(p)) {
		struct user64_itimerval user_itv;
		bzero(&user_itv, sizeof(user_itv));
		user_itv.it_interval.tv_sec = aitv.it_interval.tv_sec;
		user_itv.it_interval.tv_usec = aitv.it_interval.tv_usec;
		user_itv.it_value.tv_sec = aitv.it_value.tv_sec;
		user_itv.it_value.tv_usec = aitv.it_value.tv_usec;
		return copyout((caddr_t)&user_itv, uap->itv, sizeof(user_itv));
	} else {
		struct user32_itimerval user_itv;
		bzero(&user_itv, sizeof(user_itv));
		user_itv.it_interval.tv_sec = (user32_time_t)aitv.it_interval.tv_sec;
		user_itv.it_interval.tv_usec = aitv.it_interval.tv_usec;
		user_itv.it_value.tv_sec = (user32_time_t)aitv.it_value.tv_sec;
		user_itv.it_value.tv_usec = aitv.it_value.tv_usec;
		return copyout((caddr_t)&user_itv, uap->itv, sizeof(user_itv));
	}
}

/*
 * Returns:	0			Success
 *		EINVAL			Invalid argument
 *	copyin:EFAULT			Bad address
 *	getitimer:EINVAL		Invalid argument
 *	getitimer:EFAULT		Bad address
 */
/* ARGSUSED */
int
setitimer(struct proc *p, struct setitimer_args *uap, int32_t *retval)
{
	struct itimerval aitv;
	user_addr_t itvp;
	int error;

	bzero(&aitv, sizeof(aitv));

	if (uap->which > ITIMER_PROF) {
		return EINVAL;
	}
	if ((itvp = uap->itv)) {
		if (IS_64BIT_PROCESS(p)) {
			struct user64_itimerval user_itv;
			if ((error = copyin(itvp, (caddr_t)&user_itv, sizeof(user_itv)))) {
				return error;
			}
			aitv.it_interval.tv_sec = (__darwin_time_t)user_itv.it_interval.tv_sec;
			aitv.it_interval.tv_usec = user_itv.it_interval.tv_usec;
			aitv.it_value.tv_sec = (__darwin_time_t)user_itv.it_value.tv_sec;
			aitv.it_value.tv_usec = user_itv.it_value.tv_usec;
		} else {
			struct user32_itimerval user_itv;
			if ((error = copyin(itvp, (caddr_t)&user_itv, sizeof(user_itv)))) {
				return error;
			}
			aitv.it_interval.tv_sec = user_itv.it_interval.tv_sec;
			aitv.it_interval.tv_usec = user_itv.it_interval.tv_usec;
			aitv.it_value.tv_sec = user_itv.it_value.tv_sec;
			aitv.it_value.tv_usec = user_itv.it_value.tv_usec;
		}
	}
	if ((uap->itv = uap->oitv) && (error = getitimer(p, (struct getitimer_args *)uap, retval))) {
		return error;
	}
	if (itvp == 0) {
		return 0;
	}
	if (itimerfix(&aitv.it_value) || itimerfix(&aitv.it_interval)) {
		return EINVAL;
	}

	switch (uap->which) {
	case ITIMER_REAL:
		proc_spinlock(p);
		if (timerisset(&aitv.it_value)) {
			microuptime(&p->p_rtime);
			timevaladd(&p->p_rtime, &aitv.it_value);
			p->p_realtimer = aitv;
			if (!thread_call_enter_delayed_with_leeway(p->p_rcall, NULL,
			    tvtoabstime(&p->p_rtime), 0, THREAD_CALL_DELAY_USER_NORMAL)) {
				p->p_ractive++;
			}
		} else {
			timerclear(&p->p_rtime);
			p->p_realtimer = aitv;
			if (thread_call_cancel(p->p_rcall)) {
				p->p_ractive--;
			}
		}
		proc_spinunlock(p);

		break;


	case ITIMER_VIRTUAL:
		if (timerisset(&aitv.it_value)) {
			task_vtimer_set(p->task, TASK_VTIMER_USER);
		} else {
			task_vtimer_clear(p->task, TASK_VTIMER_USER);
		}

		proc_spinlock(p);
		p->p_vtimer_user = aitv;
		proc_spinunlock(p);
		break;

	case ITIMER_PROF:
		if (timerisset(&aitv.it_value)) {
			task_vtimer_set(p->task, TASK_VTIMER_PROF);
		} else {
			task_vtimer_clear(p->task, TASK_VTIMER_PROF);
		}

		proc_spinlock(p);
		p->p_vtimer_prof = aitv;
		proc_spinunlock(p);
		break;
	}

	return 0;
}

/*
 * Real interval timer expired:
 * send process whose timer expired an alarm signal.
 * If time is not set up to reload, then just return.
 * Else compute next time timer should go off which is > current time.
 * This is where delay in processing this timeout causes multiple
 * SIGALRM calls to be compressed into one.
 */
void
realitexpire(
	struct proc *p)
{
	struct proc *r;
	struct timeval t;

	r = proc_find(proc_getpid(p));

	proc_spinlock(p);

	assert(p->p_ractive > 0);

	if (--p->p_ractive > 0 || r != p) {
		/*
		 * bail, because either proc is exiting
		 * or there's another active thread call
		 */
		proc_spinunlock(p);

		if (r != NULL) {
			proc_rele(r);
		}
		return;
	}

	if (!timerisset(&p->p_realtimer.it_interval)) {
		/*
		 * p_realtimer was cleared while this call was pending,
		 * send one last SIGALRM, but don't re-arm
		 */
		timerclear(&p->p_rtime);
		proc_spinunlock(p);

		psignal(p, SIGALRM);
		proc_rele(p);
		return;
	}

	proc_spinunlock(p);

	/*
	 * Send the signal before re-arming the next thread call,
	 * so in case psignal blocks, we won't create yet another thread call.
	 */

	psignal(p, SIGALRM);

	proc_spinlock(p);

	/* Should we still re-arm the next thread call? */
	if (!timerisset(&p->p_realtimer.it_interval)) {
		timerclear(&p->p_rtime);
		proc_spinunlock(p);

		proc_rele(p);
		return;
	}

	microuptime(&t);
	timevaladd(&p->p_rtime, &p->p_realtimer.it_interval);

	if (timercmp(&p->p_rtime, &t, <=)) {
		if ((p->p_rtime.tv_sec + 2) >= t.tv_sec) {
			for (;;) {
				timevaladd(&p->p_rtime, &p->p_realtimer.it_interval);
				if (timercmp(&p->p_rtime, &t, >)) {
					break;
				}
			}
		} else {
			p->p_rtime = p->p_realtimer.it_interval;
			timevaladd(&p->p_rtime, &t);
		}
	}

	assert(p->p_rcall != NULL);

	if (!thread_call_enter_delayed_with_leeway(p->p_rcall, NULL, tvtoabstime(&p->p_rtime), 0,
	    THREAD_CALL_DELAY_USER_NORMAL)) {
		p->p_ractive++;
	}

	proc_spinunlock(p);

	proc_rele(p);
}

/*
 * Called once in proc_exit to clean up after an armed or pending realitexpire
 *
 * This will only be called after the proc refcount is drained,
 * so realitexpire cannot be currently holding a proc ref.
 * i.e. it will/has gotten PROC_NULL from proc_find.
 */
void
proc_free_realitimer(proc_t p)
{
	proc_spinlock(p);

	assert(p->p_rcall != NULL);
	assert(proc_list_exited(p));

	timerclear(&p->p_realtimer.it_interval);

	if (thread_call_cancel(p->p_rcall)) {
		assert(p->p_ractive > 0);
		p->p_ractive--;
	}

	while (p->p_ractive > 0) {
		proc_spinunlock(p);

		delay(1);

		proc_spinlock(p);
	}

	thread_call_t call = p->p_rcall;
	p->p_rcall = NULL;

	proc_spinunlock(p);

	thread_call_free(call);
}

/*
 * Check that a proposed value to load into the .it_value or
 * .it_interval part of an interval timer is acceptable.
 */
int
itimerfix(
	struct timeval *tv)
{
	if (tv->tv_sec < 0 || tv->tv_sec > 100000000 ||
	    tv->tv_usec < 0 || tv->tv_usec >= 1000000) {
		return EINVAL;
	}
	return 0;
}

int
timespec_is_valid(const struct timespec *ts)
{
	/* The INT32_MAX limit ensures the timespec is safe for clock_*() functions
	 * which accept 32-bit ints. */
	if (ts->tv_sec < 0 || ts->tv_sec > INT32_MAX ||
	    ts->tv_nsec < 0 || (unsigned long long)ts->tv_nsec > NSEC_PER_SEC) {
		return 0;
	}
	return 1;
}

/*
 * Decrement an interval timer by a specified number
 * of microseconds, which must be less than a second,
 * i.e. < 1000000.  If the timer expires, then reload
 * it.  In this case, carry over (usec - old value) to
 * reduce the value reloaded into the timer so that
 * the timer does not drift.  This routine assumes
 * that it is called in a context where the timers
 * on which it is operating cannot change in value.
 */
int
itimerdecr(proc_t p,
    struct itimerval *itp, int usec)
{
	proc_spinlock(p);

	if (itp->it_value.tv_usec < usec) {
		if (itp->it_value.tv_sec == 0) {
			/* expired, and already in next interval */
			usec -= itp->it_value.tv_usec;
			goto expire;
		}
		itp->it_value.tv_usec += 1000000;
		itp->it_value.tv_sec--;
	}
	itp->it_value.tv_usec -= usec;
	usec = 0;
	if (timerisset(&itp->it_value)) {
		proc_spinunlock(p);
		return 1;
	}
	/* expired, exactly at end of interval */
expire:
	if (timerisset(&itp->it_interval)) {
		itp->it_value = itp->it_interval;
		if (itp->it_value.tv_sec > 0) {
			itp->it_value.tv_usec -= usec;
			if (itp->it_value.tv_usec < 0) {
				itp->it_value.tv_usec += 1000000;
				itp->it_value.tv_sec--;
			}
		}
	} else {
		itp->it_value.tv_usec = 0;              /* sec is already 0 */
	}
	proc_spinunlock(p);
	return 0;
}

/*
 * Add and subtract routines for timevals.
 * N.B.: subtract routine doesn't deal with
 * results which are before the beginning,
 * it just gets very confused in this case.
 * Caveat emptor.
 */
void
timevaladd(
	struct timeval *t1,
	struct timeval *t2)
{
	t1->tv_sec += t2->tv_sec;
	t1->tv_usec += t2->tv_usec;
	timevalfix(t1);
}
void
timevalsub(
	struct timeval *t1,
	struct timeval *t2)
{
	t1->tv_sec -= t2->tv_sec;
	t1->tv_usec -= t2->tv_usec;
	timevalfix(t1);
}
void
timevalfix(
	struct timeval *t1)
{
	if (t1->tv_usec < 0) {
		t1->tv_sec--;
		t1->tv_usec += 1000000;
	}
	if (t1->tv_usec >= 1000000) {
		t1->tv_sec++;
		t1->tv_usec -= 1000000;
	}
}

static boolean_t
timeval_fixusec(
	struct timeval *t1)
{
	assert(t1->tv_usec >= 0);
	assert(t1->tv_sec >= 0);

	if (t1->tv_usec >= 1000000) {
		if (os_add_overflow(t1->tv_sec, t1->tv_usec / 1000000, &t1->tv_sec)) {
			return FALSE;
		}
		t1->tv_usec = t1->tv_usec % 1000000;
	}

	return TRUE;
}

/*
 * Return the best possible estimate of the time in the timeval
 * to which tvp points.
 */
void
microtime(
	struct timeval  *tvp)
{
	clock_sec_t             tv_sec;
	clock_usec_t    tv_usec;

	clock_get_calendar_microtime(&tv_sec, &tv_usec);

	tvp->tv_sec = tv_sec;
	tvp->tv_usec = tv_usec;
}

void
microtime_with_abstime(
	struct timeval  *tvp, uint64_t *abstime)
{
	clock_sec_t             tv_sec;
	clock_usec_t    tv_usec;

	clock_get_calendar_absolute_and_microtime(&tv_sec, &tv_usec, abstime);

	tvp->tv_sec = tv_sec;
	tvp->tv_usec = tv_usec;
}

void
microuptime(
	struct timeval  *tvp)
{
	clock_sec_t             tv_sec;
	clock_usec_t    tv_usec;

	clock_get_system_microtime(&tv_sec, &tv_usec);

	tvp->tv_sec = tv_sec;
	tvp->tv_usec = tv_usec;
}

/*
 * Ditto for timespec.
 */
void
nanotime(
	struct timespec *tsp)
{
	clock_sec_t             tv_sec;
	clock_nsec_t    tv_nsec;

	clock_get_calendar_nanotime(&tv_sec, &tv_nsec);

	tsp->tv_sec = tv_sec;
	tsp->tv_nsec = tv_nsec;
}

void
nanouptime(
	struct timespec *tsp)
{
	clock_sec_t             tv_sec;
	clock_nsec_t    tv_nsec;

	clock_get_system_nanotime(&tv_sec, &tv_nsec);

	tsp->tv_sec = tv_sec;
	tsp->tv_nsec = tv_nsec;
}

uint64_t
tvtoabstime(
	struct timeval  *tvp)
{
	uint64_t        result, usresult;

	clock_interval_to_absolutetime_interval(
		(uint32_t)tvp->tv_sec, NSEC_PER_SEC, &result);
	clock_interval_to_absolutetime_interval(
		tvp->tv_usec, NSEC_PER_USEC, &usresult);

	return result + usresult;
}

uint64_t
tstoabstime(struct timespec *ts)
{
	uint64_t abstime_s, abstime_ns;
	clock_interval_to_absolutetime_interval((uint32_t)ts->tv_sec, NSEC_PER_SEC, &abstime_s);
	clock_interval_to_absolutetime_interval((uint32_t)ts->tv_nsec, 1, &abstime_ns);
	return abstime_s + abstime_ns;
}

#if NETWORKING
/*
 * ratecheck(): simple time-based rate-limit checking.
 */
int
ratecheck(struct timeval *lasttime, const struct timeval *mininterval)
{
	struct timeval tv, delta;
	int rv = 0;

	net_uptime2timeval(&tv);
	delta = tv;
	timevalsub(&delta, lasttime);

	/*
	 * check for 0,0 is so that the message will be seen at least once,
	 * even if interval is huge.
	 */
	if (timevalcmp(&delta, mininterval, >=) ||
	    (lasttime->tv_sec == 0 && lasttime->tv_usec == 0)) {
		*lasttime = tv;
		rv = 1;
	}

	return rv;
}

/*
 * ppsratecheck(): packets (or events) per second limitation.
 */
int
ppsratecheck(struct timeval *lasttime, int *curpps, int maxpps)
{
	struct timeval tv, delta;
	int rv;

	net_uptime2timeval(&tv);

	timersub(&tv, lasttime, &delta);

	/*
	 * Check for 0,0 so that the message will be seen at least once.
	 * If more than one second has passed since the last update of
	 * lasttime, reset the counter.
	 *
	 * we do increment *curpps even in *curpps < maxpps case, as some may
	 * try to use *curpps for stat purposes as well.
	 */
	if ((lasttime->tv_sec == 0 && lasttime->tv_usec == 0) ||
	    delta.tv_sec >= 1) {
		*lasttime = tv;
		*curpps = 0;
		rv = 1;
	} else if (maxpps < 0) {
		rv = 1;
	} else if (*curpps < maxpps) {
		rv = 1;
	} else {
		rv = 0;
	}

#if 1 /* DIAGNOSTIC? */
	/* be careful about wrap-around */
	if (*curpps + 1 > 0) {
		*curpps = *curpps + 1;
	}
#else
	/*
	 * assume that there's not too many calls to this function.
	 * not sure if the assumption holds, as it depends on *caller's*
	 * behavior, not the behavior of this function.
	 * IMHO it is wrong to make assumption on the caller's behavior,
	 * so the above #if is #if 1, not #ifdef DIAGNOSTIC.
	 */
	*curpps = *curpps + 1;
#endif

	return rv;
}
#endif /* NETWORKING */

int
__mach_bridge_remote_time(__unused struct proc *p, struct __mach_bridge_remote_time_args *mbrt_args, uint64_t *retval)
{
	*retval = mach_bridge_remote_time(mbrt_args->local_timestamp);
	return 0;
}