This is xnu-8019. See this file in:
/*
 * Copyright (c) 2000-2019 Apple Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * @APPLE_OSREFERENCE_LICENSE_HEADER_START@
 *
 * This file contains Original Code and/or Modifications of Original Code
 * as defined in and that are subject to the Apple Public Source License
 * Version 2.0 (the 'License'). You may not use this file except in
 * compliance with the License. The rights granted to you under the License
 * may not be used to create, or enable the creation or redistribution of,
 * unlawful or unlicensed copies of an Apple operating system, or to
 * circumvent, violate, or enable the circumvention or violation of, any
 * terms of an Apple operating system software license agreement.
 *
 * Please obtain a copy of the License at
 * http://www.opensource.apple.com/apsl/ and read it before using this file.
 *
 * The Original Code and all software distributed under the License are
 * distributed on an 'AS IS' basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER
 * EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AND APPLE HEREBY DISCLAIMS ALL SUCH WARRANTIES,
 * INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, QUIET ENJOYMENT OR NON-INFRINGEMENT.
 * Please see the License for the specific language governing rights and
 * limitations under the License.
 *
 * @APPLE_OSREFERENCE_LICENSE_HEADER_END@
 */
/*	$NetBSD: sysv_shm.c,v 1.23 1994/07/04 23:25:12 glass Exp $	*/

/*
 * Copyright (c) 1994 Adam Glass and Charles Hannum.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. All advertising materials mentioning features or use of this software
 *    must display the following acknowledgement:
 *	This product includes software developed by Adam Glass and Charles
 *	Hannum.
 * 4. The names of the authors may not be used to endorse or promote products
 *    derived from this software without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE AUTHORS ``AS IS'' AND ANY EXPRESS OR
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE IMPLIED WARRANTIES
 * OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE ARE DISCLAIMED.
 * IN NO EVENT SHALL THE AUTHORS BE LIABLE FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT,
 * INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT
 * NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE,
 * DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION) HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY
 * THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT LIABILITY, OR TORT
 * (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY OUT OF THE USE OF
 * THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF SUCH DAMAGE.
 */
/*
 * NOTICE: This file was modified by McAfee Research in 2004 to introduce
 * support for mandatory and extensible security protections.  This notice
 * is included in support of clause 2.2 (b) of the Apple Public License,
 * Version 2.0.
 * Copyright (c) 2005-2006 SPARTA, Inc.
 */


#include <sys/appleapiopts.h>
#include <sys/param.h>
#include <sys/systm.h>
#include <sys/kernel.h>
#include <sys/shm_internal.h>
#include <sys/proc_internal.h>
#include <sys/kauth.h>
#include <sys/malloc.h>
#include <sys/mman.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <sys/sysctl.h>
#include <sys/ipcs.h>
#include <sys/sysent.h>
#include <sys/sysproto.h>
#if CONFIG_MACF
#include <security/mac_framework.h>
#endif

#include <security/audit/audit.h>

#include <mach/mach_types.h>
#include <mach/vm_inherit.h>
#include <mach/vm_map.h>

#include <mach/mach_vm.h>

#include <vm/vm_map.h>
#include <vm/vm_protos.h>
#include <vm/vm_kern.h>

#include <kern/locks.h>
#include <os/overflow.h>

/* Uncomment this line to see MAC debugging output. */
/* #define MAC_DEBUG */
#if CONFIG_MACF_DEBUG
#define MPRINTF(a)      printf a
#else
#define MPRINTF(a)
#endif

#if SYSV_SHM
static int shminit(void);

static LCK_GRP_DECLARE(sysv_shm_subsys_lck_grp, "sysv_shm_subsys_lock");
static LCK_MTX_DECLARE(sysv_shm_subsys_mutex, &sysv_shm_subsys_lck_grp);

#define SYSV_SHM_SUBSYS_LOCK() lck_mtx_lock(&sysv_shm_subsys_mutex)
#define SYSV_SHM_SUBSYS_UNLOCK() lck_mtx_unlock(&sysv_shm_subsys_mutex)

static int oshmctl(void *p, void *uap, void *retval);
static int shmget_allocate_segment(struct proc *p, struct shmget_args *uap, int mode, int * retval);
static int shmget_existing(struct shmget_args *uap, int mode, int segnum, int  * retval);
static void shmid_ds_64to32(struct user_shmid_ds *in, struct user32_shmid_ds *out);
static void shmid_ds_32to64(struct user32_shmid_ds *in, struct user_shmid_ds *out);

/* XXX casting to (sy_call_t *) is bogus, as usual. */
static sy_call_t* const shmcalls[] = {
	(sy_call_t *)shmat, (sy_call_t *)oshmctl,
	(sy_call_t *)shmdt, (sy_call_t *)shmget,
	(sy_call_t *)shmctl
};

#define SHMSEG_FREE             0x0200
#define SHMSEG_REMOVED          0x0400
#define SHMSEG_ALLOCATED        0x0800
#define SHMSEG_WANTED           0x1000

static int shm_last_free, shm_nused, shm_committed;
struct shmid_kernel     *shmsegs;       /* 64 bit version */
static int shm_inited = 0;

/*
 * Since anonymous memory chunks are limited to ANON_MAX_SIZE bytes,
 * we have to keep a list of chunks when we want to handle a shared memory
 * segment bigger than ANON_MAX_SIZE.
 * Each chunk points to a VM named entry of up to ANON_MAX_SIZE bytes
 * of anonymous memory.
 */
struct shm_handle {
	void * shm_object;                      /* named entry for this chunk*/
	memory_object_size_t shm_handle_size;   /* size of this chunk */
	struct shm_handle *shm_handle_next;     /* next chunk */
};

struct shmmap_state {
	mach_vm_address_t va;           /* user address */
	int shmid;                      /* segment id */
};

static void shm_deallocate_segment(struct shmid_kernel *);
static int shm_find_segment_by_key(key_t);
static struct shmid_kernel *shm_find_segment_by_shmid(int);
static int shm_delete_mapping(struct proc *, struct shmmap_state *, int);

#ifdef __APPLE_API_PRIVATE
#define DEFAULT_SHMMAX  (4 * 1024 * 1024)
#define DEFAULT_SHMMIN  1
#define DEFAULT_SHMMNI  32
#define DEFAULT_SHMSEG  8
#define DEFAULT_SHMALL  1024

struct shminfo shminfo = {
	.shmmax = DEFAULT_SHMMAX,
	.shmmin = DEFAULT_SHMMIN,
	.shmmni = DEFAULT_SHMMNI,
	.shmseg = DEFAULT_SHMSEG,
	.shmall = DEFAULT_SHMALL
};

#define SHMID_IS_VALID(x) ((x) >= 0)
#define SHMID_UNALLOCATED (-1)
#define SHMID_SENTINEL    (-2)

#endif /* __APPLE_API_PRIVATE */

static __inline__ time_t
sysv_shmtime(void)
{
	struct timeval  tv;
	microtime(&tv);
	return tv.tv_sec;
}

/*
 * This conversion is safe, since if we are converting for a 32 bit process,
 * then it's value of (struct shmid_ds)->shm_segsz will never exceed 4G.
 *
 * NOTE: Source and target may *NOT* overlap! (target is smaller)
 */
static void
shmid_ds_64to32(struct user_shmid_ds *in, struct user32_shmid_ds *out)
{
	out->shm_perm = in->shm_perm;
	out->shm_segsz = in->shm_segsz;
	out->shm_lpid = in->shm_lpid;
	out->shm_cpid = in->shm_cpid;
	out->shm_nattch = in->shm_nattch;
	out->shm_atime = in->shm_atime;
	out->shm_dtime = in->shm_dtime;
	out->shm_ctime = in->shm_ctime;
	out->shm_internal = CAST_DOWN_EXPLICIT(int, in->shm_internal);
}

/*
 * NOTE: Source and target may are permitted to overlap! (source is smaller);
 * this works because we copy fields in order from the end of the struct to
 * the beginning.
 */
static void
shmid_ds_32to64(struct user32_shmid_ds *in, struct user_shmid_ds *out)
{
	out->shm_internal = in->shm_internal;
	out->shm_ctime = in->shm_ctime;
	out->shm_dtime = in->shm_dtime;
	out->shm_atime = in->shm_atime;
	out->shm_nattch = in->shm_nattch;
	out->shm_cpid = in->shm_cpid;
	out->shm_lpid = in->shm_lpid;
	out->shm_segsz = in->shm_segsz;
	out->shm_perm = in->shm_perm;
}


static int
shm_find_segment_by_key(key_t key)
{
	int i;

	for (i = 0; i < shminfo.shmmni; i++) {
		if ((shmsegs[i].u.shm_perm.mode & SHMSEG_ALLOCATED) &&
		    shmsegs[i].u.shm_perm._key == key) {
			return i;
		}
	}
	return -1;
}

static struct shmid_kernel *
shm_find_segment_by_shmid(int shmid)
{
	int segnum;
	struct shmid_kernel *shmseg;

	segnum = IPCID_TO_IX(shmid);
	if (segnum < 0 || segnum >= shminfo.shmmni) {
		return NULL;
	}
	shmseg = &shmsegs[segnum];
	if ((shmseg->u.shm_perm.mode & (SHMSEG_ALLOCATED | SHMSEG_REMOVED))
	    != SHMSEG_ALLOCATED ||
	    shmseg->u.shm_perm._seq != IPCID_TO_SEQ(shmid)) {
		return NULL;
	}
	return shmseg;
}

static void
shm_deallocate_segment(struct shmid_kernel *shmseg)
{
	struct shm_handle *shm_handle, *shm_handle_next;
	mach_vm_size_t size;

	for (shm_handle = CAST_DOWN(void *, shmseg->u.shm_internal); /* tunnel */
	    shm_handle != NULL;
	    shm_handle = shm_handle_next) {
		shm_handle_next = shm_handle->shm_handle_next;
		mach_memory_entry_port_release(shm_handle->shm_object);
		kfree_type(struct shm_handle, shm_handle);
	}
	shmseg->u.shm_internal = USER_ADDR_NULL;                /* tunnel */
	size = vm_map_round_page(shmseg->u.shm_segsz,
	    vm_map_page_mask(current_map()));
	shm_committed -= btoc(size);
	shm_nused--;
	shmseg->u.shm_perm.mode = SHMSEG_FREE;
#if CONFIG_MACF
	/* Reset the MAC label */
	mac_sysvshm_label_recycle(shmseg);
#endif
}

static int
shm_delete_mapping(__unused struct proc *p, struct shmmap_state *shmmap_s,
    int deallocate)
{
	struct shmid_kernel *shmseg;
	int segnum, result;
	mach_vm_size_t size;

	segnum = IPCID_TO_IX(shmmap_s->shmid);
	shmseg = &shmsegs[segnum];
	size = vm_map_round_page(shmseg->u.shm_segsz,
	    vm_map_page_mask(current_map())); /* XXX done for us? */
	if (deallocate) {
		result = mach_vm_deallocate(current_map(), shmmap_s->va, size);
		if (result != KERN_SUCCESS) {
			return EINVAL;
		}
	}
	shmmap_s->shmid = SHMID_UNALLOCATED;
	shmseg->u.shm_dtime = sysv_shmtime();
	if ((--shmseg->u.shm_nattch <= 0) &&
	    (shmseg->u.shm_perm.mode & SHMSEG_REMOVED)) {
		shm_deallocate_segment(shmseg);
		shm_last_free = segnum;
	}
	return 0;
}

int
shmdt(struct proc *p, struct shmdt_args *uap, int32_t *retval)
{
#if CONFIG_MACF
	struct shmid_kernel *shmsegptr;
#endif
	struct shmmap_state *shmmap_s;
	int i;
	int shmdtret = 0;

	AUDIT_ARG(svipc_addr, uap->shmaddr);

	SYSV_SHM_SUBSYS_LOCK();

	if ((shmdtret = shminit())) {
		goto shmdt_out;
	}

	shmmap_s = (struct shmmap_state *)p->vm_shm;
	if (shmmap_s == NULL) {
		shmdtret = EINVAL;
		goto shmdt_out;
	}

	for (; shmmap_s->shmid != SHMID_SENTINEL; shmmap_s++) {
		if (SHMID_IS_VALID(shmmap_s->shmid) &&
		    shmmap_s->va == (mach_vm_offset_t)uap->shmaddr) {
			break;
		}
	}

	if (!SHMID_IS_VALID(shmmap_s->shmid)) {
		shmdtret = EINVAL;
		goto shmdt_out;
	}

#if CONFIG_MACF
	/*
	 * XXX: It might be useful to move this into the shm_delete_mapping
	 * function
	 */
	shmsegptr = &shmsegs[IPCID_TO_IX(shmmap_s->shmid)];
	shmdtret = mac_sysvshm_check_shmdt(kauth_cred_get(), shmsegptr);
	if (shmdtret) {
		goto shmdt_out;
	}
#endif
	i = shm_delete_mapping(p, shmmap_s, 1);

	if (i == 0) {
		*retval = 0;
	}
	shmdtret = i;
shmdt_out:
	SYSV_SHM_SUBSYS_UNLOCK();
	return shmdtret;
}

int
shmat(struct proc *p, struct shmat_args *uap, user_addr_t *retval)
{
	int error, flags;
	struct shmid_kernel     *shmseg;
	struct shmmap_state     *shmmap_s = NULL;
	struct shm_handle       *shm_handle;
	mach_vm_address_t       attach_va;      /* attach address in/out */
	mach_vm_address_t       shmlba;
	mach_vm_size_t          map_size;       /* size of map entry */
	mach_vm_size_t          mapped_size;
	vm_prot_t               prot;
	kern_return_t           rv;
	int                     shmat_ret;
	int                     vm_flags;

	shmat_ret = 0;

	AUDIT_ARG(svipc_id, uap->shmid);
	AUDIT_ARG(svipc_addr, uap->shmaddr);

	SYSV_SHM_SUBSYS_LOCK();

	if ((shmat_ret = shminit())) {
		goto shmat_out;
	}

	shmmap_s = (struct shmmap_state *)p->vm_shm;
	if (shmmap_s == NULL) {
		/* lazily allocate the shm map */

		int nsegs = shminfo.shmseg;
		if (nsegs <= 0) {
			shmat_ret = EMFILE;
			goto shmat_out;
		}

		/* +1 for the sentinel */
		shmmap_s = kalloc_type(struct shmmap_state, nsegs + 1, Z_WAITOK);
		if (shmmap_s == NULL) {
			shmat_ret = ENOMEM;
			goto shmat_out;
		}

		/* initialize the entries */
		for (int i = 0; i < nsegs; i++) {
			shmmap_s[i].shmid = SHMID_UNALLOCATED;
		}
		shmmap_s[nsegs].shmid = SHMID_SENTINEL;

		p->vm_shm = (caddr_t)shmmap_s;
	}

	shmseg = shm_find_segment_by_shmid(uap->shmid);
	if (shmseg == NULL) {
		shmat_ret = EINVAL;
		goto shmat_out;
	}

	AUDIT_ARG(svipc_perm, &shmseg->u.shm_perm);
	error = ipcperm(kauth_cred_get(), &shmseg->u.shm_perm,
	    (uap->shmflg & SHM_RDONLY) ? IPC_R : IPC_R | IPC_W);
	if (error) {
		shmat_ret = error;
		goto shmat_out;
	}

#if CONFIG_MACF
	error = mac_sysvshm_check_shmat(kauth_cred_get(), shmseg, uap->shmflg);
	if (error) {
		shmat_ret = error;
		goto shmat_out;
	}
#endif

	/* find a free shmid */
	while (SHMID_IS_VALID(shmmap_s->shmid)) {
		shmmap_s++;
	}
	if (shmmap_s->shmid != SHMID_UNALLOCATED) {
		/* no free shmids */
		shmat_ret = EMFILE;
		goto shmat_out;
	}

	map_size = vm_map_round_page(shmseg->u.shm_segsz,
	    vm_map_page_mask(current_map()));
	prot = VM_PROT_READ;
	if ((uap->shmflg & SHM_RDONLY) == 0) {
		prot |= VM_PROT_WRITE;
	}
	flags = MAP_ANON | MAP_SHARED;
	if (uap->shmaddr) {
		flags |= MAP_FIXED;
	}

	attach_va = (mach_vm_address_t)uap->shmaddr;
	shmlba = vm_map_page_size(current_map()); /* XXX instead of SHMLBA */
	if (uap->shmflg & SHM_RND) {
		attach_va &= ~(shmlba - 1);
	} else if ((attach_va & (shmlba - 1)) != 0) {
		shmat_ret = EINVAL;
		goto shmat_out;
	}

	if (flags & MAP_FIXED) {
		vm_flags = VM_FLAGS_FIXED;
	} else {
		vm_flags = VM_FLAGS_ANYWHERE;
	}

	mapped_size = 0;

	/* first reserve enough space... */
	rv = mach_vm_map_kernel(current_map(),
	    &attach_va,
	    map_size,
	    0,
	    vm_flags,
	    VM_MAP_KERNEL_FLAGS_NONE,
	    VM_KERN_MEMORY_NONE,
	    IPC_PORT_NULL,
	    0,
	    FALSE,
	    VM_PROT_NONE,
	    VM_PROT_NONE,
	    VM_INHERIT_NONE);
	if (rv != KERN_SUCCESS) {
		goto out;
	}

	shmmap_s->va = attach_va;

	/* ... then map the shared memory over the reserved space */
	for (shm_handle = CAST_DOWN(void *, shmseg->u.shm_internal);/* tunnel */
	    shm_handle != NULL;
	    shm_handle = shm_handle->shm_handle_next) {
		vm_map_size_t chunk_size;

		assert(mapped_size < map_size);
		chunk_size = shm_handle->shm_handle_size;
		if (chunk_size > map_size - mapped_size) {
			/*
			 * Partial mapping of last chunk due to
			 * page size mismatch.
			 */
			assert(vm_map_page_shift(current_map()) < PAGE_SHIFT);
			assert(shm_handle->shm_handle_next == NULL);
			chunk_size = map_size - mapped_size;
		}
		rv = vm_map_enter_mem_object(
			current_map(),          /* process map */
			&attach_va,             /* attach address */
			chunk_size,             /* size to map */
			(mach_vm_offset_t)0,    /* alignment mask */
			VM_FLAGS_FIXED | VM_FLAGS_OVERWRITE,
			VM_MAP_KERNEL_FLAGS_NONE,
			VM_KERN_MEMORY_NONE,
			shm_handle->shm_object,
			(mach_vm_offset_t)0,
			FALSE,
			prot,
			prot,
			VM_INHERIT_SHARE);
		if (rv != KERN_SUCCESS) {
			goto out;
		}

		mapped_size += chunk_size;
		attach_va = attach_va + chunk_size;
	}

	shmmap_s->shmid = uap->shmid;
	shmseg->u.shm_lpid = proc_getpid(p);
	shmseg->u.shm_atime = sysv_shmtime();
	shmseg->u.shm_nattch++;
	*retval = shmmap_s->va; /* XXX return -1 on error */
	shmat_ret = 0;
	goto shmat_out;
out:
	if (mapped_size > 0) {
		(void) mach_vm_deallocate(current_map(),
		    shmmap_s->va,
		    mapped_size);
	}
	switch (rv) {
	case KERN_INVALID_ADDRESS:
	case KERN_NO_SPACE:
		shmat_ret = ENOMEM;
		break;
	case KERN_PROTECTION_FAILURE:
		shmat_ret = EACCES;
		break;
	default:
		shmat_ret = EINVAL;
		break;
	}
shmat_out:
	SYSV_SHM_SUBSYS_UNLOCK();
	return shmat_ret;
}

static int
oshmctl(__unused void *p, __unused void *uap, __unused void *retval)
{
	return EINVAL;
}

/*
 * Returns:	0			Success
 *		EINVAL
 *	copyout:EFAULT
 *	copyin:EFAULT
 *	ipcperm:EPERM
 *	ipcperm:EACCES
 */
int
shmctl(__unused struct proc *p, struct shmctl_args *uap, int32_t *retval)
{
	int error;
	kauth_cred_t cred = kauth_cred_get();
	struct user_shmid_ds inbuf;
	struct shmid_kernel *shmseg;

	int shmctl_ret = 0;

	AUDIT_ARG(svipc_cmd, uap->cmd);
	AUDIT_ARG(svipc_id, uap->shmid);

	SYSV_SHM_SUBSYS_LOCK();

	if ((shmctl_ret = shminit())) {
		goto shmctl_out;
	}

	shmseg = shm_find_segment_by_shmid(uap->shmid);
	if (shmseg == NULL) {
		shmctl_ret = EINVAL;
		goto shmctl_out;
	}

	/* XXAUDIT: This is the perms BEFORE any change by this call. This
	 * may not be what is desired.
	 */
	AUDIT_ARG(svipc_perm, &shmseg->u.shm_perm);

#if CONFIG_MACF
	error = mac_sysvshm_check_shmctl(cred, shmseg, uap->cmd);
	if (error) {
		shmctl_ret = error;
		goto shmctl_out;
	}
#endif
	switch (uap->cmd) {
	case IPC_STAT:
		error = ipcperm(cred, &shmseg->u.shm_perm, IPC_R);
		if (error) {
			shmctl_ret = error;
			goto shmctl_out;
		}

		if (IS_64BIT_PROCESS(p)) {
			struct user_shmid_ds shmid_ds = {};
			memcpy(&shmid_ds, &shmseg->u, sizeof(struct user_shmid_ds));

			/* Clear kernel reserved pointer before copying to user space */
			shmid_ds.shm_internal = USER_ADDR_NULL;

			error = copyout(&shmid_ds, uap->buf, sizeof(shmid_ds));
		} else {
			struct user32_shmid_ds shmid_ds32 = {};
			shmid_ds_64to32(&shmseg->u, &shmid_ds32);

			/* Clear kernel reserved pointer before copying to user space */
			shmid_ds32.shm_internal = (user32_addr_t)0;

			error = copyout(&shmid_ds32, uap->buf, sizeof(shmid_ds32));
		}
		if (error) {
			shmctl_ret = error;
			goto shmctl_out;
		}
		break;
	case IPC_SET:
		error = ipcperm(cred, &shmseg->u.shm_perm, IPC_M);
		if (error) {
			shmctl_ret = error;
			goto shmctl_out;
		}
		if (IS_64BIT_PROCESS(p)) {
			error = copyin(uap->buf, &inbuf, sizeof(struct user_shmid_ds));
		} else {
			struct user32_shmid_ds shmid_ds32;
			error = copyin(uap->buf, &shmid_ds32, sizeof(shmid_ds32));
			/* convert in place; ugly, but safe */
			shmid_ds_32to64(&shmid_ds32, &inbuf);
		}
		if (error) {
			shmctl_ret = error;
			goto shmctl_out;
		}
		shmseg->u.shm_perm.uid = inbuf.shm_perm.uid;
		shmseg->u.shm_perm.gid = inbuf.shm_perm.gid;
		shmseg->u.shm_perm.mode =
		    (shmseg->u.shm_perm.mode & ~ACCESSPERMS) |
		    (inbuf.shm_perm.mode & ACCESSPERMS);
		shmseg->u.shm_ctime = sysv_shmtime();
		break;
	case IPC_RMID:
		error = ipcperm(cred, &shmseg->u.shm_perm, IPC_M);
		if (error) {
			shmctl_ret = error;
			goto shmctl_out;
		}
		shmseg->u.shm_perm._key = IPC_PRIVATE;
		shmseg->u.shm_perm.mode |= SHMSEG_REMOVED;
		if (shmseg->u.shm_nattch <= 0) {
			shm_deallocate_segment(shmseg);
			shm_last_free = IPCID_TO_IX(uap->shmid);
		}
		break;
#if 0
	case SHM_LOCK:
	case SHM_UNLOCK:
#endif
	default:
		shmctl_ret = EINVAL;
		goto shmctl_out;
	}
	*retval = 0;
	shmctl_ret = 0;
shmctl_out:
	SYSV_SHM_SUBSYS_UNLOCK();
	return shmctl_ret;
}

static int
shmget_existing(struct shmget_args *uap, int mode, int segnum, int *retval)
{
	struct shmid_kernel *shmseg;
	int error = 0;

	shmseg = &shmsegs[segnum];
	if (shmseg->u.shm_perm.mode & SHMSEG_REMOVED) {
		/*
		 * This segment is in the process of being allocated.  Wait
		 * until it's done, and look the key up again (in case the
		 * allocation failed or it was freed).
		 */
		shmseg->u.shm_perm.mode |= SHMSEG_WANTED;
		error = tsleep((caddr_t)shmseg, PLOCK | PCATCH, "shmget", 0);
		if (error) {
			return error;
		}
		return EAGAIN;
	}

	/*
	 * The low 9 bits of shmflag are the mode bits being requested, which
	 * are the actual mode bits desired on the segment, and not in IPC_R
	 * form; therefore it would be incorrect to call ipcperm() to validate
	 * them; instead, we AND the existing mode with the requested mode, and
	 * verify that it matches the requested mode; otherwise, we fail with
	 * EACCES (access denied).
	 */
	if ((shmseg->u.shm_perm.mode & mode) != mode) {
		return EACCES;
	}

#if CONFIG_MACF
	error = mac_sysvshm_check_shmget(kauth_cred_get(), shmseg, uap->shmflg);
	if (error) {
		return error;
	}
#endif

	if (uap->size && uap->size > shmseg->u.shm_segsz) {
		return EINVAL;
	}

	if ((uap->shmflg & (IPC_CREAT | IPC_EXCL)) == (IPC_CREAT | IPC_EXCL)) {
		return EEXIST;
	}

	*retval = IXSEQ_TO_IPCID(segnum, shmseg->u.shm_perm);
	return 0;
}

static int
shmget_allocate_segment(struct proc *p, struct shmget_args *uap, int mode,
    int *retval)
{
	int i, segnum, shmid;
	kauth_cred_t cred = kauth_cred_get();
	struct shmid_kernel *shmseg;
	struct shm_handle *shm_handle;
	kern_return_t kret;
	mach_vm_size_t total_size, size, alloc_size;
	void * mem_object;
	struct shm_handle *shm_handle_next, **shm_handle_next_p;

	if (uap->size <= 0 ||
	    uap->size < (user_size_t)shminfo.shmmin ||
	    uap->size > (user_size_t)shminfo.shmmax) {
		return EINVAL;
	}
	if (shm_nused >= shminfo.shmmni) { /* any shmids left? */
		return ENOSPC;
	}
	if (mach_vm_round_page_overflow(uap->size, &total_size)) {
		return EINVAL;
	}
	if ((user_ssize_t)(shm_committed + btoc(total_size)) > shminfo.shmall) {
		return ENOMEM;
	}
	if (shm_last_free < 0) {
		for (i = 0; i < shminfo.shmmni; i++) {
			if (shmsegs[i].u.shm_perm.mode & SHMSEG_FREE) {
				break;
			}
		}
		if (i == shminfo.shmmni) {
			panic("shmseg free count inconsistent");
		}
		segnum = i;
	} else {
		segnum = shm_last_free;
		shm_last_free = -1;
	}
	shmseg = &shmsegs[segnum];

	/*
	 * In case we sleep in malloc(), mark the segment present but deleted
	 * so that noone else tries to create the same key.
	 * XXX but we don't release the global lock !?
	 */
	shmseg->u.shm_perm.mode = SHMSEG_ALLOCATED | SHMSEG_REMOVED;
	shmseg->u.shm_perm._key = uap->key;
	shmseg->u.shm_perm._seq = (shmseg->u.shm_perm._seq + 1) & 0x7fff;

	shm_handle_next_p = NULL;
	for (alloc_size = 0;
	    alloc_size < total_size;
	    alloc_size += size) {
		size = MIN(total_size - alloc_size, ANON_MAX_SIZE);
		kret = mach_make_memory_entry_64(
			VM_MAP_NULL,
			(memory_object_size_t *) &size,
			(memory_object_offset_t) 0,
			MAP_MEM_NAMED_CREATE | VM_PROT_DEFAULT,
			(ipc_port_t *) &mem_object, 0);
		if (kret != KERN_SUCCESS) {
			goto out;
		}

		shm_handle = kalloc_type(struct shm_handle, Z_WAITOK | Z_NOFAIL);
		shm_handle->shm_object = mem_object;
		shm_handle->shm_handle_size = size;
		shm_handle->shm_handle_next = NULL;
		if (shm_handle_next_p == NULL) {
			shmseg->u.shm_internal = CAST_USER_ADDR_T(shm_handle);/* tunnel */
		} else {
			*shm_handle_next_p = shm_handle;
		}
		shm_handle_next_p = &shm_handle->shm_handle_next;
	}

	shmid = IXSEQ_TO_IPCID(segnum, shmseg->u.shm_perm);

	shmseg->u.shm_perm.cuid = shmseg->u.shm_perm.uid = kauth_cred_getuid(cred);
	shmseg->u.shm_perm.cgid = shmseg->u.shm_perm.gid = kauth_cred_getgid(cred);
	shmseg->u.shm_perm.mode = (shmseg->u.shm_perm.mode & SHMSEG_WANTED) |
	    (mode & ACCESSPERMS) | SHMSEG_ALLOCATED;
	shmseg->u.shm_segsz = uap->size;
	shmseg->u.shm_cpid = proc_getpid(p);
	shmseg->u.shm_lpid = shmseg->u.shm_nattch = 0;
	shmseg->u.shm_atime = shmseg->u.shm_dtime = 0;
#if CONFIG_MACF
	mac_sysvshm_label_associate(cred, shmseg);
#endif
	shmseg->u.shm_ctime = sysv_shmtime();
	shm_committed += btoc(size);
	shm_nused++;
	AUDIT_ARG(svipc_perm, &shmseg->u.shm_perm);
	if (shmseg->u.shm_perm.mode & SHMSEG_WANTED) {
		/*
		 * Somebody else wanted this key while we were asleep.  Wake
		 * them up now.
		 */
		shmseg->u.shm_perm.mode &= ~SHMSEG_WANTED;
		wakeup((caddr_t)shmseg);
	}
	*retval = shmid;
	AUDIT_ARG(svipc_id, shmid);
	return 0;
out:
	if (kret != KERN_SUCCESS) {
		for (shm_handle = CAST_DOWN(void *, shmseg->u.shm_internal); /* tunnel */
		    shm_handle != NULL;
		    shm_handle = shm_handle_next) {
			shm_handle_next = shm_handle->shm_handle_next;
			mach_memory_entry_port_release(shm_handle->shm_object);
			kfree_type(struct shm_handle, shm_handle);
		}
		shmseg->u.shm_internal = USER_ADDR_NULL; /* tunnel */
	}

	switch (kret) {
	case KERN_INVALID_ADDRESS:
	case KERN_NO_SPACE:
		return ENOMEM;
	case KERN_PROTECTION_FAILURE:
		return EACCES;
	default:
		return EINVAL;
	}
}

int
shmget(struct proc *p, struct shmget_args *uap, int32_t *retval)
{
	int segnum, mode, error;
	int shmget_ret = 0;

	/* Auditing is actually done in shmget_allocate_segment() */

	SYSV_SHM_SUBSYS_LOCK();

	if ((shmget_ret = shminit())) {
		goto shmget_out;
	}

	mode = uap->shmflg & ACCESSPERMS;
	if (uap->key != IPC_PRIVATE) {
again:
		segnum = shm_find_segment_by_key(uap->key);
		if (segnum >= 0) {
			error = shmget_existing(uap, mode, segnum, retval);
			if (error == EAGAIN) {
				goto again;
			}
			shmget_ret = error;
			goto shmget_out;
		}
		if ((uap->shmflg & IPC_CREAT) == 0) {
			shmget_ret = ENOENT;
			goto shmget_out;
		}
	}
	shmget_ret = shmget_allocate_segment(p, uap, mode, retval);
shmget_out:
	SYSV_SHM_SUBSYS_UNLOCK();
	return shmget_ret;
}

/*
 * shmsys
 *
 * Entry point for all SHM calls: shmat, oshmctl, shmdt, shmget, shmctl
 *
 * Parameters:	p	Process requesting the call
 *              uap	User argument descriptor (see below)
 *              retval	Return value of the selected shm call
 *
 * Indirect parameters:	uap->which	msg call to invoke (index in array of shm calls)
 *                      uap->a2		User argument descriptor
 *
 * Returns:	0	Success
 *              !0	Not success
 *
 * Implicit returns: retval     Return value of the selected shm call
 *
 * DEPRECATED:  This interface should not be used to call the other SHM
 *              functions (shmat, oshmctl, shmdt, shmget, shmctl). The correct
 *              usage is to call the other SHM functions directly.
 */
int
shmsys(struct proc *p, struct shmsys_args *uap, int32_t *retval)
{
	/* The routine that we are dispatching already does this */

	if (uap->which >= sizeof(shmcalls) / sizeof(shmcalls[0])) {
		return EINVAL;
	}
	return (*shmcalls[uap->which])(p, &uap->a2, retval);
}

/*
 * Return 0 on success, 1 on failure.
 */
int
shmfork(struct proc *p1, struct proc *p2)
{
	struct shmmap_state *shmmap_s;
	int nsegs = 0;
	int ret = 0;

	SYSV_SHM_SUBSYS_LOCK();

	if (shminit()) {
		ret = 1;
		goto shmfork_out;
	}

	struct shmmap_state *src = (struct shmmap_state *)p1->vm_shm;
	assert(src);

	/* count number of shmid entries in src */
	for (struct shmmap_state *s = src; s->shmid != SHMID_SENTINEL; s++) {
		nsegs++;
	}

	shmmap_s = kalloc_type(struct shmmap_state, nsegs + 1, Z_WAITOK);
	if (shmmap_s == NULL) {
		ret = 1;
		goto shmfork_out;
	}

	bcopy(src, (caddr_t)shmmap_s, (nsegs + 1) * sizeof(struct shmmap_state));
	p2->vm_shm = (caddr_t)shmmap_s;
	for (; shmmap_s->shmid != SHMID_SENTINEL; shmmap_s++) {
		if (SHMID_IS_VALID(shmmap_s->shmid)) {
			shmsegs[IPCID_TO_IX(shmmap_s->shmid)].u.shm_nattch++;
		}
	}

shmfork_out:
	SYSV_SHM_SUBSYS_UNLOCK();
	return ret;
}

static void
shmcleanup(struct proc *p, int deallocate)
{
	struct shmmap_state *shmmap_s;
	int nsegs = 0;

	SYSV_SHM_SUBSYS_LOCK();

	shmmap_s = (struct shmmap_state *)p->vm_shm;
	for (; shmmap_s->shmid != SHMID_SENTINEL; shmmap_s++) {
		nsegs++;
		if (SHMID_IS_VALID(shmmap_s->shmid)) {
			/*
			 * XXX: Should the MAC framework enforce
			 * check here as well.
			 */
			shm_delete_mapping(p, shmmap_s, deallocate);
		}
	}

	kfree_type(struct shmmap_state, nsegs + 1, p->vm_shm);
	SYSV_SHM_SUBSYS_UNLOCK();
}

void
shmexit(struct proc *p)
{
	shmcleanup(p, 1);
}

/*
 * shmexec() is like shmexit(), only it doesn't delete the mappings,
 * since the old address space has already been destroyed and the new
 * one instantiated.  Instead, it just does the housekeeping work we
 * need to do to keep the System V shared memory subsystem sane.
 */
__private_extern__ void
shmexec(struct proc *p)
{
	shmcleanup(p, 0);
}

int
shminit(void)
{
	size_t sz;
	int i;

	if (!shm_inited) {
		/*
		 * we store internally 64 bit, since if we didn't, we would
		 * be unable to represent a segment size in excess of 32 bits
		 * with the (struct shmid_ds)->shm_segsz field; also, POSIX
		 * dictates this filed be a size_t, which is 64 bits when
		 * running 64 bit binaries.
		 */
		if (os_mul_overflow(shminfo.shmmni, sizeof(struct shmid_kernel), &sz)) {
			return ENOMEM;
		}

		shmsegs = zalloc_permanent(sz, ZALIGN_PTR);
		if (shmsegs == NULL) {
			return ENOMEM;
		}
		for (i = 0; i < shminfo.shmmni; i++) {
			shmsegs[i].u.shm_perm.mode = SHMSEG_FREE;
			shmsegs[i].u.shm_perm._seq = 0;
#if CONFIG_MACF
			mac_sysvshm_label_init(&shmsegs[i]);
#endif
		}
		shm_last_free = 0;
		shm_nused = 0;
		shm_committed = 0;
		shm_inited = 1;
	}

	return 0;
}

/* (struct sysctl_oid *oidp, void *arg1, int arg2, \
 *       struct sysctl_req *req) */
static int
sysctl_shminfo(__unused struct sysctl_oid *oidp, void *arg1,
    __unused int arg2, struct sysctl_req *req)
{
	int error = 0;
	int sysctl_shminfo_ret = 0;
	int64_t saved_shmmax;
	int64_t saved_shmmin;
	int64_t saved_shmseg;
	int64_t saved_shmmni;
	int64_t saved_shmall;

	error = SYSCTL_OUT(req, arg1, sizeof(int64_t));
	if (error || req->newptr == USER_ADDR_NULL) {
		return error;
	}

	SYSV_SHM_SUBSYS_LOCK();

	/* shmmni can not be changed after SysV SHM has been initialized */
	if (shm_inited && arg1 == &shminfo.shmmni) {
		sysctl_shminfo_ret = EPERM;
		goto sysctl_shminfo_out;
	}
	saved_shmmax = shminfo.shmmax;
	saved_shmmin = shminfo.shmmin;
	saved_shmseg = shminfo.shmseg;
	saved_shmmni = shminfo.shmmni;
	saved_shmall = shminfo.shmall;

	if ((error = SYSCTL_IN(req, arg1, sizeof(int64_t))) != 0) {
		sysctl_shminfo_ret = error;
		goto sysctl_shminfo_out;
	}

	if (arg1 == &shminfo.shmmax) {
		/* shmmax needs to be page-aligned */
		if (shminfo.shmmax & PAGE_MASK_64 || shminfo.shmmax < 0) {
			shminfo.shmmax = saved_shmmax;
			sysctl_shminfo_ret = EINVAL;
			goto sysctl_shminfo_out;
		}
	} else if (arg1 == &shminfo.shmmin) {
		if (shminfo.shmmin < 0) {
			shminfo.shmmin = saved_shmmin;
			sysctl_shminfo_ret = EINVAL;
			goto sysctl_shminfo_out;
		}
	} else if (arg1 == &shminfo.shmseg) {
		/* add a sanity check - 20847256 */
		if (shminfo.shmseg > INT32_MAX || shminfo.shmseg < 0) {
			shminfo.shmseg = saved_shmseg;
			sysctl_shminfo_ret = EINVAL;
			goto sysctl_shminfo_out;
		}
	} else if (arg1 == &shminfo.shmmni) {
		/* add a sanity check - 20847256 */
		if (shminfo.shmmni > INT32_MAX || shminfo.shmmni < 0) {
			shminfo.shmmni = saved_shmmni;
			sysctl_shminfo_ret = EINVAL;
			goto sysctl_shminfo_out;
		}
	} else if (arg1 == &shminfo.shmall) {
		/* add a sanity check - 20847256 */
		if (shminfo.shmall > INT32_MAX || shminfo.shmall < 0) {
			shminfo.shmall = saved_shmall;
			sysctl_shminfo_ret = EINVAL;
			goto sysctl_shminfo_out;
		}
	}
	sysctl_shminfo_ret = 0;
sysctl_shminfo_out:
	SYSV_SHM_SUBSYS_UNLOCK();
	return sysctl_shminfo_ret;
}

static int
IPCS_shm_sysctl(__unused struct sysctl_oid *oidp, __unused void *arg1,
    __unused int arg2, struct sysctl_req *req)
{
	int error;
	int cursor;
	union {
		struct user32_IPCS_command u32;
		struct user_IPCS_command u64;
	} ipcs = { };
	struct user32_shmid_ds shmid_ds32 = { }; /* post conversion, 32 bit version */
	struct user_shmid_ds   shmid_ds = { };   /* 64 bit version */
	void *shmid_dsp;
	size_t ipcs_sz = sizeof(struct user_IPCS_command);
	size_t shmid_ds_sz = sizeof(struct user_shmid_ds);
	struct proc *p = current_proc();

	SYSV_SHM_SUBSYS_LOCK();

	if ((error = shminit())) {
		goto ipcs_shm_sysctl_out;
	}

	if (!IS_64BIT_PROCESS(p)) {
		ipcs_sz = sizeof(struct user32_IPCS_command);
		shmid_ds_sz = sizeof(struct user32_shmid_ds);
	}

	/* Copy in the command structure */
	if ((error = SYSCTL_IN(req, &ipcs, ipcs_sz)) != 0) {
		goto ipcs_shm_sysctl_out;
	}

	if (!IS_64BIT_PROCESS(p)) {     /* convert in place */
		ipcs.u64.ipcs_data = CAST_USER_ADDR_T(ipcs.u32.ipcs_data);
	}

	/* Let us version this interface... */
	if (ipcs.u64.ipcs_magic != IPCS_MAGIC) {
		error = EINVAL;
		goto ipcs_shm_sysctl_out;
	}

	switch (ipcs.u64.ipcs_op) {
	case IPCS_SHM_CONF:     /* Obtain global configuration data */
		if (ipcs.u64.ipcs_datalen != sizeof(struct shminfo)) {
			if (ipcs.u64.ipcs_cursor != 0) { /* fwd. compat. */
				error = ENOMEM;
				break;
			}
			error = ERANGE;
			break;
		}
		error = copyout(&shminfo, ipcs.u64.ipcs_data, ipcs.u64.ipcs_datalen);
		break;

	case IPCS_SHM_ITER:     /* Iterate over existing segments */
		cursor = ipcs.u64.ipcs_cursor;
		if (cursor < 0 || cursor >= shminfo.shmmni) {
			error = ERANGE;
			break;
		}
		if (ipcs.u64.ipcs_datalen != (int)shmid_ds_sz) {
			error = EINVAL;
			break;
		}
		for (; cursor < shminfo.shmmni; cursor++) {
			if (shmsegs[cursor].u.shm_perm.mode & SHMSEG_ALLOCATED) {
				break;
			}
			continue;
		}
		if (cursor == shminfo.shmmni) {
			error = ENOENT;
			break;
		}

		shmid_dsp = &shmsegs[cursor];   /* default: 64 bit */

		/*
		 * If necessary, convert the 64 bit kernel segment
		 * descriptor to a 32 bit user one.
		 */
		if (!IS_64BIT_PROCESS(p)) {
			shmid_ds_64to32(shmid_dsp, &shmid_ds32);

			/* Clear kernel reserved pointer before copying to user space */
			shmid_ds32.shm_internal = (user32_addr_t)0;

			shmid_dsp = &shmid_ds32;
		} else {
			memcpy(&shmid_ds, shmid_dsp, sizeof(shmid_ds));

			/* Clear kernel reserved pointer before copying to user space */
			shmid_ds.shm_internal = USER_ADDR_NULL;

			shmid_dsp = &shmid_ds;
		}
		error = copyout(shmid_dsp, ipcs.u64.ipcs_data, ipcs.u64.ipcs_datalen);
		if (!error) {
			/* update cursor */
			ipcs.u64.ipcs_cursor = cursor + 1;

			if (!IS_64BIT_PROCESS(p)) { /* convert in place */
				ipcs.u32.ipcs_data = CAST_DOWN_EXPLICIT(user32_addr_t, ipcs.u64.ipcs_data);
			}

			error = SYSCTL_OUT(req, &ipcs, ipcs_sz);
		}
		break;

	default:
		error = EINVAL;
		break;
	}
ipcs_shm_sysctl_out:
	SYSV_SHM_SUBSYS_UNLOCK();
	return error;
}

SYSCTL_NODE(_kern, KERN_SYSV, sysv, CTLFLAG_RW | CTLFLAG_LOCKED | CTLFLAG_ANYBODY, 0, "SYSV");

SYSCTL_PROC(_kern_sysv, OID_AUTO, shmmax, CTLTYPE_QUAD | CTLFLAG_RW | CTLFLAG_LOCKED,
    &shminfo.shmmax, 0, &sysctl_shminfo, "Q", "shmmax");

SYSCTL_PROC(_kern_sysv, OID_AUTO, shmmin, CTLTYPE_QUAD | CTLFLAG_RW | CTLFLAG_LOCKED,
    &shminfo.shmmin, 0, &sysctl_shminfo, "Q", "shmmin");

SYSCTL_PROC(_kern_sysv, OID_AUTO, shmmni, CTLTYPE_QUAD | CTLFLAG_RW | CTLFLAG_LOCKED,
    &shminfo.shmmni, 0, &sysctl_shminfo, "Q", "shmmni");

SYSCTL_PROC(_kern_sysv, OID_AUTO, shmseg, CTLTYPE_QUAD | CTLFLAG_RW | CTLFLAG_LOCKED,
    &shminfo.shmseg, 0, &sysctl_shminfo, "Q", "shmseg");

SYSCTL_PROC(_kern_sysv, OID_AUTO, shmall, CTLTYPE_QUAD | CTLFLAG_RW | CTLFLAG_LOCKED,
    &shminfo.shmall, 0, &sysctl_shminfo, "Q", "shmall");

SYSCTL_NODE(_kern_sysv, OID_AUTO, ipcs, CTLFLAG_RW | CTLFLAG_LOCKED | CTLFLAG_ANYBODY, 0, "SYSVIPCS");

SYSCTL_PROC(_kern_sysv_ipcs, OID_AUTO, shm, CTLFLAG_RW | CTLFLAG_ANYBODY | CTLFLAG_LOCKED,
    0, 0, IPCS_shm_sysctl,
    "S,IPCS_shm_command",
    "ipcs shm command interface");
#endif /* SYSV_SHM */

/* DSEP Review Done pl-20051108-v02 @2743,@2908,@2913,@3009 */