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/*
 * Copyright (c) 1998-2019 Apple Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * @APPLE_OSREFERENCE_LICENSE_HEADER_START@
 *
 * This file contains Original Code and/or Modifications of Original Code
 * as defined in and that are subject to the Apple Public Source License
 * Version 2.0 (the 'License'). You may not use this file except in
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 * Please obtain a copy of the License at
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#ifndef _IOMEMORYCURSOR_H
#define _IOMEMORYCURSOR_H

#include <libkern/c++/OSObject.h>
#include <libkern/c++/OSPtr.h>
#include <IOKit/IOTypes.h>

class IOMemoryDescriptor;

/**************************** class IOMemoryCursor ***************************/

/*!
 *   @class IOMemoryCursor
 *   @abstract A mechanism to convert memory references to physical addresses.
 *   @discussion The IOMemoryCursor declares the super class that all
 *  specific memory cursors must inherit from, but a memory cursor can be created without a specific format subclass by just providing a segment function to the initializers.  This class does the difficult stuff of dividing a memory descriptor into a physical scatter/gather list appropriate for the target hardware.
 *  <br><br>
 *   A driver is expected to create a memory cursor and configure it to the limitations of its DMA hardware; for instance the memory cursor used by the FireWire SBP-2 protocol has a maximum physical segment size of 2^16 - 1 but the actual transfer size is unlimited.  Thus it would create a cursor with a maxSegmentSize of 65535 and a maxTransfer size of UINT_MAX.   It would also provide a SegmentFunction that can output a pagelist entry.
 *  <br><br>
 *  Below is the simplest example of a SegmentFunction:<br>
 *  void IONaturalMemoryCursor::outputSegment(PhysicalSegment segment,<br>
 *                                         void *	  outSegments,<br>
 *                                         UInt32	  outSegmentIndex)<br>
 *  {<br>
 *   ((PhysicalSegment *) outSegments)[outSegmentIndex] = segment;<br>
 *  }
 *
 */
class IOMemoryCursor : public OSObject
{
	OSDeclareDefaultStructors(IOMemoryCursor);

public:
/*!
 *   @typedef PhysicalSegment
 *   @discussion A physical address/length pair.
 */
	struct PhysicalSegment {
		IOPhysicalAddress location;
		IOPhysicalLength  length;
	};

/*! @defined IOPhysicalSegment
 *   @discussion Backward compatibility define for the old non-class scoped type definition.  See IOMemoryCursor::PhysicalSegment
 */
#define IOPhysicalSegment IOMemoryCursor::PhysicalSegment

/*!
 *   @typedef SegmentFunction
 *   @discussion Pointer to a C function that outputs a single physical segment to an element in the array as defined by the segments and segmentIndex parameters.
 *   @param segment The physical address and length that is next to be output.
 *   @param segments Base of the output vector of DMA address length pairs.
 *   @param segmentIndex Index to output 'segment' in the 'segments' array.
 */
	typedef void (*SegmentFunction)(PhysicalSegment segment,
	    void *          segments,
	    UInt32          segmentIndex);

/*! @defined OutputSegmentFunc
 *   @discussion Backward compatibility define for the old non-class scoped type definition.  See IOMemoryCursor::SegmentFunction */
#define OutputSegmentFunc IOMemoryCursor::SegmentFunction

protected:
/*! @var outSeg The action method called when an event has been delivered */
	SegmentFunction outSeg;

/*! @var maxSegmentSize Maximum size of one segment in a scatter/gather list */
	IOPhysicalLength  maxSegmentSize;

/*! @var maxTransferSize
 *   Maximum size of a transfer that this memory cursor is allowed to generate */
	IOPhysicalLength  maxTransferSize;

/*! @var alignMask
 *   Currently unused.  Reserved for automated aligment restriction code. */
	IOPhysicalLength  alignMask;

public:
/*! @function withSpecification
 *   @abstract Creates and initializes an IOMemoryCursor in one operation.
 *   @discussion Factory function to create and initialize an IOMemoryCursor in one operation.  For more information, see IOMemoryCursor::initWithSpecification.
 *   @param outSegFunc SegmentFunction to call to output one physical segment.
 *   @param maxSegmentSize Maximum allowable size for one segment.  Defaults to 0.
 *   @param maxTransferSize Maximum size of an entire transfer.	Defaults to 0 indicating no maximum.
 *   @param alignment Alignment restrictions on output physical addresses.  Not currently implemented.  Defaults to single byte alignment.
 *   @result Returns a new memory cursor if successfully created and initialized, 0 otherwise.
 */
	static OSPtr<IOMemoryCursor>
	withSpecification(SegmentFunction  outSegFunc,
	    IOPhysicalLength maxSegmentSize = 0,
	    IOPhysicalLength maxTransferSize = 0,
	    IOPhysicalLength alignment = 1);

/*! @function initWithSpecification
 *   @abstract Primary initializer for the IOMemoryCursor class.
 *   @param outSegFunc SegmentFunction to call to output one physical segment.
 *   @param maxSegmentSize Maximum allowable size for one segment.  Defaults to 0.
 *   @param maxTransferSize Maximum size of an entire transfer.	Defaults to 0 indicating no maximum.
 *   @param alignment Alignment restrictions on output physical addresses.  Not currently implemented.  Defaults to single byte alignment.
 *   @result Returns true if the inherited classes and this instance initialize
 *  successfully.
 */
	virtual bool initWithSpecification(SegmentFunction  outSegFunc,
	    IOPhysicalLength maxSegmentSize = 0,
	    IOPhysicalLength maxTransferSize = 0,
	    IOPhysicalLength alignment = 1);

/*! @function genPhysicalSegments
 *   @abstract Generates a physical scatter/gather list given a memory descriptor.
 *   @discussion Generates a list of physical segments from the given memory descriptor, relative to the current position of the descriptor.
 *   @param descriptor IOMemoryDescriptor that describes the data associated with an I/O request.
 *   @param fromPosition Starting location of the I/O within a memory descriptor.
 *   @param segments Void pointer to base of output physical scatter/gather list.  Always passed directly onto the SegmentFunction without interpretation by the cursor.
 *   @param maxSegments Maximum number of segments that can be written to segments array.
 *   @param maxTransferSize Maximum transfer size is limited to that many bytes, otherwise it defaults to the maximum transfer size specified when the memory cursor was initialized.
 *   @param transferSize Pointer to an IOByteCount variable that can contain the total size of the transfer being described.  Defaults to 0 indicating that no transfer size need be returned.
 *   @result If the descriptor is exhausted of memory, a zero is returned, otherwise the number of segments that were filled in is returned.
 */
	virtual UInt32 genPhysicalSegments(
		IOMemoryDescriptor *descriptor,
		IOByteCount         fromPosition,
		void *              segments,
		UInt32              maxSegments,
		UInt32              maxTransferSize = 0,
		IOByteCount        *transferSize = NULL);
};

/************************ class IONaturalMemoryCursor ************************/


/*!
 *   @class IONaturalMemoryCursor
 *   @abstract An IOMemoryCursor subclass that outputs a vector of PhysicalSegments in the natural byte orientation for the CPU.
 *   @discussion The IONaturalMemoryCursor would be used when it is too difficult to safely describe a SegmentFunction that is more appropriate for your hardware.  This cursor just outputs an array of PhysicalSegments.
 */
class IONaturalMemoryCursor : public IOMemoryCursor
{
	OSDeclareDefaultStructors(IONaturalMemoryCursor);

public:
/*! @function outputSegment
 *   @abstract Outputs the given segment into the output segments array in natural byte order.
 *   @param segment The physical address and length that is next to be output.
 *   @param segments Base of the output vector of DMA address length pairs.
 *   @param segmentIndex Index to output 'segment' in the 'segments' array.
 */
	static void outputSegment(PhysicalSegment segment,
	    void *          segments,
	    UInt32          segmentIndex);

/*! @defined naturalOutputSegment
 *   @discussion Backward compatibility define for the old global function definition.  See IONaturalMemoryCursor::outputSegment.
 */
#define naturalOutputSegment IONaturalMemoryCursor::outputSegment

/*! @function withSpecification
 *   @abstract Creates and initializes an IONaturalMemoryCursor in one operation.
 *   @discussion Factory function to create and initialize an IONaturalMemoryCursor in one operation.  For more information, see IONaturalMemoryCursor::initWithSpecification.
 *   @param maxSegmentSize Maximum allowable size for one segment.  Defaults to 0.
 *   @param maxTransferSize Maximum size of an entire transfer.	Defaults to 0 indicating no maximum.
 *   @param alignment Alignment restrictions on output physical addresses.  Not currently implemented.  Defaults to single byte alignment.
 *   @result Returns a new memory cursor if successfully created and initialized, 0 otherwise.
 */
	static OSPtr<IONaturalMemoryCursor>
	withSpecification(IOPhysicalLength maxSegmentSize,
	    IOPhysicalLength maxTransferSize,
	    IOPhysicalLength alignment = 1);

/*! @function initWithSpecification
 *   @abstract Primary initializer for the IONaturalMemoryCursor class.
 *   @param maxSegmentSize Maximum allowable size for one segment.  Defaults to 0.
 *   @param maxTransferSize Maximum size of an entire transfer.	Defaults to 0 indicating no maximum.
 *   @param alignment Alignment restrictions on output physical addresses.  Not currently implemented.  Defaults to single byte alignment.
 *   @result Returns true if the inherited classes and this instance initialize successfully.
 */
	virtual bool initWithSpecification(IOPhysicalLength  maxSegmentSize,
	    IOPhysicalLength  maxTransferSize,
	    IOPhysicalLength  alignment = 1);


/*! @function getPhysicalSegments
 *   @abstract Generates a CPU natural physical scatter/gather list given a memory descriptor.
 *   @discussion Generates a list of physical segments from the given memory descriptor, relative to the current position of the descriptor.  Wraps IOMemoryCursor::genPhysicalSegments.
 *   @param descriptor IOMemoryDescriptor that describes the data associated with an I/O request.
 *   @param fromPosition Starting location of the I/O within a memory descriptor.
 *   @param segments Pointer to an array of IOMemoryCursor::PhysicalSegments for the output physical scatter/gather list.
 *   @param maxSegments Maximum number of segments that can be written to segments array.
 *   @param inMaxTransferSize Maximum transfer size is limited to that many bytes, otherwise it defaults to the maximum transfer size specified when the memory cursor was initialized.
 *   @param transferSize Pointer to an IOByteCount variable that can contain the total size of the transfer being described.  Defaults to 0 indicating that no transfer size need be returned.
 *   @result If the descriptor is exhausted of memory, a zero is returned, otherwise the number of segments that were filled in is returned.
 */
	virtual UInt32
	getPhysicalSegments(IOMemoryDescriptor *descriptor,
	    IOByteCount         fromPosition,
	    PhysicalSegment    *segments,
	    UInt32              maxSegments,
	    UInt32              inMaxTransferSize = 0,
	    IOByteCount        *transferSize = NULL)
	{
		return genPhysicalSegments(descriptor, fromPosition, segments,
		           maxSegments, inMaxTransferSize, transferSize);
	}
};

/************************** class IOBigMemoryCursor **************************/

/*!
 *   @class IOBigMemoryCursor
 *   @abstract An IOMemoryCursor subclass that outputs a vector of PhysicalSegments in the big endian byte order.
 *   @discussion The IOBigMemoryCursor would be used when the DMA hardware requires a big endian address and length pair.  This cursor outputs an array of PhysicalSegments that are encoded in big-endian format.
 */
class IOBigMemoryCursor : public IOMemoryCursor
{
	OSDeclareDefaultStructors(IOBigMemoryCursor);

public:
/*! @function outputSegment
 *   @abstract Outputs the given segment into the output segments array in big endian byte order.
 *   @param segment The physical address and length that is next to be output.
 *   @param segments Base of the output vector of DMA address length pairs.
 *   @param segmentIndex Index to output 'segment' in the 'segments' array.
 */
	static void outputSegment(PhysicalSegment segment,
	    void *          segments,
	    UInt32          segmentIndex);

/*! @defined bigOutputSegment
 *   @discussion Backward compatibility define for the old global function definition.  See IOBigMemoryCursor::outputSegment
 */
#define bigOutputSegment IOBigMemoryCursor::outputSegment

/*! @function withSpecification
 *   @abstract Creates and initializes an IOBigMemoryCursor in one operation.
 *   @discussion Factory function to create and initialize an IOBigMemoryCursor in one operation.  See also IOBigMemoryCursor::initWithSpecification.
 *   @param maxSegmentSize Maximum allowable size for one segment.  Defaults to 0.
 *   @param maxTransferSize Maximum size of an entire transfer.	Defaults to 0 indicating no maximum.
 *   @param alignment Alignment restrictions on output physical addresses.  Not currently implemented.  Defaults to single byte alignment.
 *   @result Returns a new memory cursor if successfully created and initialized, 0 otherwise.
 */
	static OSPtr<IOBigMemoryCursor>
	withSpecification(IOPhysicalLength maxSegmentSize,
	    IOPhysicalLength maxTransferSize,
	    IOPhysicalLength alignment = 1);

/*! @function initWithSpecification
 *   @abstract Primary initializer for the IOBigMemoryCursor class.
 *   @param maxSegmentSize Maximum allowable size for one segment.  Defaults to 0.
 *   @param maxTransferSize Maximum size of an entire transfer.	Defaults to 0 indicating no maximum.
 *   @param alignment Alignment restrictions on output physical addresses.  Not currently implemented.  Defaults to single byte alignment.
 *   @result Returns true if the inherited classes and this instance initialize
 *  successfully.
 */
	virtual bool initWithSpecification(IOPhysicalLength  maxSegmentSize,
	    IOPhysicalLength  maxTransferSize,
	    IOPhysicalLength  alignment = 1);


/*! @function getPhysicalSegments
 *   @abstract Generates a big endian physical scatter/gather list given a memory descriptor.
 *   @discussion Generates a list of physical segments from the given memory descriptor, relative to the current position of the descriptor.  Wraps IOMemoryCursor::genPhysicalSegments.
 *   @param descriptor IOMemoryDescriptor that describes the data associated with an I/O request.
 *   @param fromPosition Starting location of the I/O within a memory descriptor.
 *   @param segments Pointer to an array of IOMemoryCursor::PhysicalSegments for the output physical scatter/gather list.
 *   @param maxSegments Maximum number of segments that can be written to segments array.
 *   @param inMaxTransferSize Maximum transfer size is limited to that many bytes, otherwise it defaults to the maximum transfer size specified when the memory cursor was initialized.
 *   @param transferSize Pointer to an IOByteCount variable that can contain the total size of the transfer being described.  Defaults to 0 indicating that no transfer size need be returned.
 *   @result If the descriptor is exhausted of memory, a zero is returned, otherwise the number of segments that were filled in is returned.
 */
	virtual UInt32
	getPhysicalSegments(IOMemoryDescriptor * descriptor,
	    IOByteCount          fromPosition,
	    PhysicalSegment *    segments,
	    UInt32               maxSegments,
	    UInt32               inMaxTransferSize = 0,
	    IOByteCount       *  transferSize = NULL)
	{
		return genPhysicalSegments(descriptor, fromPosition, segments,
		           maxSegments, inMaxTransferSize, transferSize);
	}
};

/************************* class IOLittleMemoryCursor ************************/

/*!
 *   @class IOLittleMemoryCursor
 *   @abstract An IOMemoryCursor subclass that outputs a vector of PhysicalSegments in the little endian byte order.
 *   @discussion The IOLittleMemoryCursor would be used when the DMA hardware requires a little endian address and length pair.	This cursor outputs an array of PhysicalSegments that are encoded in little endian format.
 */
class IOLittleMemoryCursor : public IOMemoryCursor
{
	OSDeclareDefaultStructors(IOLittleMemoryCursor);

public:
/*! @function outputSegment
 *   @abstract Outputs the given segment into the output segments array in little endian byte order.
 *   @param segment The physical address and length that is next to be output.
 *   @param segments Base of the output vector of DMA address length pairs.
 *   @param segmentIndex Index to output 'segment' in the 'segments' array.
 */
	static void outputSegment(PhysicalSegment segment,
	    void *          segments,
	    UInt32          segmentIndex);

/*! @defined littleOutputSegment
 *   @discussion Backward compatibility define for the old global function definition.  See also IOLittleMemoryCursor::outputSegment. */
#define littleOutputSegment IOLittleMemoryCursor::outputSegment

/*! @function withSpecification
 *   @abstract Creates and initializes an IOLittleMemoryCursor in one operation.
 *   @discussion Factory function to create and initialize an IOLittleMemoryCursor in one operation.  See also IOLittleMemoryCursor::initWithSpecification.
 *   @param maxSegmentSize Maximum allowable size for one segment.  Defaults to 0.
 *   @param maxTransferSize Maximum size of an entire transfer.	Defaults to 0 indicating no maximum.
 *   @param alignment Alignment restrictions on output physical addresses.  Not currently implemented.  Defaults to single byte alignment.
 *   @result Returns a new memory cursor if successfully created and initialized, 0 otherwise.
 */
	static OSPtr<IOLittleMemoryCursor>
	withSpecification(IOPhysicalLength maxSegmentSize,
	    IOPhysicalLength maxTransferSize,
	    IOPhysicalLength alignment = 1);

/*! @function initWithSpecification
 *   @abstract Primary initializer for the IOLittleMemoryCursor class.
 *   @param maxSegmentSize Maximum allowable size for one segment.  Defaults to 0.
 *   @param maxTransferSize Maximum size of an entire transfer.	Defaults to 0 indicating no maximum.
 *   @param alignment Alignment restrictions on output physical addresses.  Not currently implemented.  Defaults to single byte alignment.
 *   @result Returns true if the inherited classes and this instance initialize successfully.
 */
	virtual bool initWithSpecification(IOPhysicalLength  maxSegmentSize,
	    IOPhysicalLength  maxTransferSize,
	    IOPhysicalLength  alignment = 1);


/*! @function getPhysicalSegments
 *   @abstract Generates a little endian physical scatter/gather list given a memory descriptor.
 *   @discussion Generates a list of physical segments from the given memory descriptor, relative to the current position of the descriptor.  Wraps IOMemoryCursor::genPhysicalSegments.
 *   @param descriptor IOMemoryDescriptor that describes the data associated with an I/O request.
 *   @param fromPosition Starting location of the I/O within a memory descriptor.
 *   @param segments Pointer to an array of IOMemoryCursor::PhysicalSegments for the output physical scatter/gather list.
 *   @param maxSegments Maximum number of segments that can be written to segments array.
 *   @param inMaxTransferSize Maximum transfer size is limited to that many bytes, otherwise it defaults to the maximum transfer size specified when the memory cursor was initialized.
 *   @param transferSize Pointer to an IOByteCount variable that can contain the total size of the transfer being described.  Defaults to 0 indicating that no transfer size need be returned.
 *   @result If the descriptor is exhausted of memory, a zero is returned, otherwise the number of segments that were filled in is returned.
 */
	virtual UInt32
	getPhysicalSegments(IOMemoryDescriptor * descriptor,
	    IOByteCount          fromPosition,
	    PhysicalSegment *    segments,
	    UInt32               maxSegments,
	    UInt32               inMaxTransferSize = 0,
	    IOByteCount       *  transferSize = NULL)
	{
		return genPhysicalSegments(descriptor, fromPosition, segments,
		           maxSegments, inMaxTransferSize, transferSize);
	}
};

#endif /* !_IOMEMORYCURSOR_H */