This is xnu-8019. See this file in:
/*
 * Copyright (c) 2007-2008 Apple Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * @APPLE_OSREFERENCE_LICENSE_HEADER_START@
 *
 * This file contains Original Code and/or Modifications of Original Code
 * as defined in and that are subject to the Apple Public Source License
 * Version 2.0 (the 'License'). You may not use this file except in
 * compliance with the License. The rights granted to you under the License
 * may not be used to create, or enable the creation or redistribution of,
 * unlawful or unlicensed copies of an Apple operating system, or to
 * circumvent, violate, or enable the circumvention or violation of, any
 * terms of an Apple operating system software license agreement.
 *
 * Please obtain a copy of the License at
 * http://www.opensource.apple.com/apsl/ and read it before using this file.
 *
 * The Original Code and all software distributed under the License are
 * distributed on an 'AS IS' basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER
 * EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AND APPLE HEREBY DISCLAIMS ALL SUCH WARRANTIES,
 * INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, QUIET ENJOYMENT OR NON-INFRINGEMENT.
 * Please see the License for the specific language governing rights and
 * limitations under the License.
 *
 * @APPLE_OSREFERENCE_LICENSE_HEADER_END@
 */
#include <string.h>
#include <sys/types.h>

#define DEBUG_ASSERT_COMPONENT_NAME_STRING "kxld"
#include <AssertMacros.h>

#include "kxld_dict.h"
#include "kxld_util.h"

/*******************************************************************************
* Types and macros
*******************************************************************************/

/* Ratio of num_entries:num_buckets that will cause a resize */
#define RESIZE_NUMER 7
#define RESIZE_DENOM 10
#define RESIZE_THRESHOLD(x) (((x)*RESIZE_NUMER) / RESIZE_DENOM)
#define MIN_BUCKETS(x) (((x)*RESIZE_DENOM) / RESIZE_NUMER)

/* Selected for good scaling qualities when resizing dictionary
 * ... see: http://www.concentric.net/~ttwang/tech/hashsize.htm
 */
#define DEFAULT_DICT_SIZE 89

typedef struct dict_entry DictEntry;

typedef enum {
	EMPTY = 0,
	USED = 1,
	DELETED = 2
} DictEntryState;

struct dict_entry {
	const void *key;
	void *value;
	DictEntryState state;
};

/*******************************************************************************
* Function prototypes
*******************************************************************************/

static kern_return_t get_locate_index(const KXLDDict *dict, const void *key,
    u_int *idx);
static kern_return_t get_insert_index(const KXLDDict *dict, const void *key,
    u_int *idx);
static kern_return_t resize_dict(KXLDDict *dict);

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
kern_return_t
kxld_dict_init(KXLDDict * dict, kxld_dict_hash hash, kxld_dict_cmp cmp,
    u_int num_entries)
{
	kern_return_t rval = KERN_FAILURE;
	u_int min_buckets = MIN_BUCKETS(num_entries);
	u_int num_buckets = DEFAULT_DICT_SIZE;

	check(dict);
	check(hash);
	check(cmp);

	/* We want the number of allocated buckets to be at least twice that of the
	 * number to be inserted.
	 */
	while (min_buckets > num_buckets) {
		num_buckets *= 2;
		num_buckets++;
	}

	/* Allocate enough buckets for the anticipated number of entries */
	rval = kxld_array_init(&dict->buckets, sizeof(DictEntry), num_buckets);
	require_noerr(rval, finish);

	/* Initialize */
	dict->hash = hash;
	dict->cmp = cmp;
	dict->num_entries = 0;
	dict->resize_threshold = RESIZE_THRESHOLD(num_buckets);

	rval = KERN_SUCCESS;

finish:
	return rval;
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
void
kxld_dict_clear(KXLDDict *dict)
{
	check(dict);

	dict->hash = NULL;
	dict->cmp = NULL;
	dict->num_entries = 0;
	dict->resize_threshold = 0;
	kxld_array_clear(&dict->buckets);
	kxld_array_clear(&dict->resize_buckets);
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
void
kxld_dict_iterator_init(KXLDDictIterator *iter, const KXLDDict *dict)
{
	check(iter);
	check(dict);

	iter->idx = 0;
	iter->dict = dict;
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
void
kxld_dict_deinit(KXLDDict *dict)
{
	check(dict);

	kxld_array_deinit(&dict->buckets);
	kxld_array_deinit(&dict->resize_buckets);
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
u_int
kxld_dict_get_num_entries(const KXLDDict *dict)
{
	check(dict);

	return dict->num_entries;
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
void *
kxld_dict_find(const KXLDDict *dict, const void *key)
{
	kern_return_t rval = KERN_FAILURE;
	DictEntry *entry = NULL;
	u_int idx = 0;

	check(dict);
	check(key);

	rval = get_locate_index(dict, key, &idx);
	if (rval) {
		return NULL;
	}

	entry = kxld_array_get_item(&dict->buckets, idx);

	return entry->value;
}

/*******************************************************************************
 * This dictionary uses linear probing, which means that when there is a
 * collision, we just walk along the buckets until a free bucket shows up.
 * A consequence of this is that when looking up an item, items that lie between
 * its hash value and its actual bucket may have been deleted since it was
 * inserted.  Thus, we should only stop a lookup when we've wrapped around the
 * dictionary or encountered an EMPTY bucket.
 ********************************************************************************/
static kern_return_t
get_locate_index(const KXLDDict *dict, const void *key, u_int *_idx)
{
	kern_return_t rval = KERN_FAILURE;
	DictEntry *entry = NULL;
	u_int base, idx;

	base = idx = dict->hash(dict, key);

	/* Iterate until we match the key, wrap, or hit an empty bucket */
	entry = kxld_array_get_item(&dict->buckets, idx);
	while (!dict->cmp(entry->key, key)) {
		if (entry->state == EMPTY) {
			goto finish;
		}

		idx = (idx + 1) % dict->buckets.nitems;
		if (idx == base) {
			goto finish;
		}

		entry = kxld_array_get_item(&dict->buckets, idx);
	}

	check(idx < dict->buckets.nitems);

	*_idx = idx;
	rval = KERN_SUCCESS;

finish:
	return rval;
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
kern_return_t
kxld_dict_insert(KXLDDict *dict, const void *key, void *value)
{
	kern_return_t rval = KERN_FAILURE;
	DictEntry *entry = NULL;
	u_int idx = 0;

	check(dict);
	check(key);
	check(value);

	/* Resize if we are greater than the capacity threshold.
	 * Note: this is expensive, but the dictionary can be sized correctly at
	 * construction to avoid ever having to do this.
	 */
	while (dict->num_entries > dict->resize_threshold) {
		rval = resize_dict(dict);
		require_noerr(rval, finish);
	}

	/* If this function returns FULL after we've already resized appropriately
	 * something is very wrong and we should return an error.
	 */
	rval = get_insert_index(dict, key, &idx);
	require_noerr(rval, finish);

	/* Insert the new key-value pair into the bucket, but only count it as a
	 * new entry if we are not overwriting an existing entry.
	 */
	entry = kxld_array_get_item(&dict->buckets, idx);
	if (entry->state != USED) {
		dict->num_entries++;
		entry->key = key;
		entry->state = USED;
	}
	entry->value = value;

	rval = KERN_SUCCESS;

finish:
	return rval;
}

/*******************************************************************************
* Increases the hash table's capacity by 2N+1.  Uses dictionary API.  Not
* fast; just correct.
*******************************************************************************/
static kern_return_t
resize_dict(KXLDDict *dict)
{
	kern_return_t rval = KERN_FAILURE;
	KXLDArray tmparray;
	DictEntry *entry = NULL;
	u_int nbuckets = (dict->buckets.nitems * 2 + 1);
	u_int i = 0;

	check(dict);

	/* Initialize a new set of buckets to hold more entries */
	rval = kxld_array_init(&dict->resize_buckets, sizeof(DictEntry), nbuckets);
	require_noerr(rval, finish);

	/* Swap the new buckets with the old buckets */
	tmparray = dict->buckets;
	dict->buckets = dict->resize_buckets;
	dict->resize_buckets = tmparray;

	/* Reset dictionary parameters */
	dict->num_entries = 0;
	dict->resize_threshold = RESIZE_THRESHOLD(dict->buckets.nitems);

	/* Rehash all of the entries */
	for (i = 0; i < dict->resize_buckets.nitems; ++i) {
		entry = kxld_array_get_item(&dict->resize_buckets, i);
		if (entry->state == USED) {
			rval = kxld_dict_insert(dict, entry->key, entry->value);
			require_noerr(rval, finish);
		}
	}

	/* Clear the old buckets */
	kxld_array_clear(&dict->resize_buckets);

	rval = KERN_SUCCESS;

finish:
	return rval;
}

/*******************************************************************************
* Simple function to find the first empty cell
*******************************************************************************/
static kern_return_t
get_insert_index(const KXLDDict *dict, const void *key, u_int *r_index)
{
	kern_return_t rval = KERN_FAILURE;
	DictEntry *entry = NULL;
	u_int base, idx;

	base = idx = dict->hash(dict, key);

	/* Iterate through the buckets until we find an EMPTY bucket, a DELETED
	 * bucket, or a key match.
	 */
	entry = kxld_array_get_item(&dict->buckets, idx);
	while (entry->state == USED && !dict->cmp(entry->key, key)) {
		idx = (idx + 1) % dict->buckets.nitems;
		require_action(base != idx, finish, rval = KERN_FAILURE);
		entry = kxld_array_get_item(&dict->buckets, idx);
	}

	*r_index = idx;
	rval = KERN_SUCCESS;

finish:
	return rval;
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
void
kxld_dict_remove(KXLDDict *dict, const void *key, void **value)
{
	kern_return_t rval = KERN_FAILURE;
	DictEntry *entry = NULL;
	u_int idx = 0;

	check(dict);
	check(key);

	/* Find the item */
	rval = get_locate_index(dict, key, &idx);
	if (rval) {
		if (value) {
			*value = NULL;
		}
		return;
	}

	entry = kxld_array_get_item(&dict->buckets, idx);

	/* Save the value if requested */
	if (value) {
		*value = entry->value;
	}

	/* Delete the item from the dictionary */
	entry->key = NULL;
	entry->value = NULL;
	entry->state = DELETED;
	dict->num_entries--;
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
void
kxld_dict_iterator_get_next(KXLDDictIterator *iter, const void **key,
    void **value)
{
	DictEntry *entry = NULL;

	check(iter);
	check(key);
	check(value);

	*key = NULL;
	*value = NULL;

	/* Walk over the dictionary looking for USED buckets */
	for (; iter->idx < iter->dict->buckets.nitems; ++(iter->idx)) {
		entry = kxld_array_get_item(&iter->dict->buckets, iter->idx);
		if (entry->state == USED) {
			*key = entry->key;
			*value = entry->value;
			++(iter->idx);
			break;
		}
	}
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
void
kxld_dict_iterator_reset(KXLDDictIterator *iter)
{
	iter->idx = 0;
}

/*******************************************************************************
* This is Daniel Bernstein's hash algorithm from comp.lang.c
* It's fast and distributes well.  Returns an idx into the symbol hash table.
* NOTE: Will not check for a valid pointer - performance
*******************************************************************************/
u_int
kxld_dict_string_hash(const KXLDDict *dict, const void *_key)
{
	const char *key = _key;
	u_int c = 0;
	u_int hash_val = 5381;

	check(dict);
	check(_key);

	while ((c = *key++)) {
		/* hash(i) = hash(i-1) *33 ^ name[i] */
		hash_val = ((hash_val << 5) + hash_val) ^ c;
	}

	return hash_val % dict->buckets.nitems;
}

u_int
kxld_dict_uint32_hash(const KXLDDict *dict, const void *_key)
{
	uint32_t key = *(const uint32_t *) _key;

	check(_key);

	return (u_int) (key % dict->buckets.nitems);
}

u_int
kxld_dict_kxldaddr_hash(const KXLDDict *dict, const void *_key)
{
	kxld_addr_t key = *(const kxld_addr_t *) _key;

	check(_key);

	return (u_int) (key % dict->buckets.nitems);
}

u_int
kxld_dict_string_cmp(const void *key1, const void *key2)
{
	return streq(key1, key2);
}

u_int
kxld_dict_uint32_cmp(const void *key1, const void *key2)
{
	const uint32_t *a = key1;
	const uint32_t *b = key2;

	return a && b && (*a == *b);
}

u_int
kxld_dict_kxldaddr_cmp(const void *key1, const void *key2)
{
	const kxld_addr_t *a = key1;
	const kxld_addr_t *b = key2;

	return a && b && (*a == *b);
}