This is xnu-8019. See this file in:
/*
 * Copyright (c) 2008 Apple Inc. All rights reserved.
 *
 * @APPLE_OSREFERENCE_LICENSE_HEADER_START@
 *
 * This file contains Original Code and/or Modifications of Original Code
 * as defined in and that are subject to the Apple Public Source License
 * Version 2.0 (the 'License'). You may not use this file except in
 * compliance with the License. The rights granted to you under the License
 * may not be used to create, or enable the creation or redistribution of,
 * unlawful or unlicensed copies of an Apple operating system, or to
 * circumvent, violate, or enable the circumvention or violation of, any
 * terms of an Apple operating system software license agreement.
 *
 * Please obtain a copy of the License at
 * http://www.opensource.apple.com/apsl/ and read it before using this file.
 *
 * The Original Code and all software distributed under the License are
 * distributed on an 'AS IS' basis, WITHOUT WARRANTY OF ANY KIND, EITHER
 * EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, AND APPLE HEREBY DISCLAIMS ALL SUCH WARRANTIES,
 * INCLUDING WITHOUT LIMITATION, ANY WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY,
 * FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, QUIET ENJOYMENT OR NON-INFRINGEMENT.
 * Please see the License for the specific language governing rights and
 * limitations under the License.
 *
 * @APPLE_OSREFERENCE_LICENSE_HEADER_END@
 */
#include <string.h>
#include <mach-o/loader.h>
#include <mach-o/nlist.h>
#include <sys/queue.h>
#include <sys/types.h>

#define DEBUG_ASSERT_COMPONENT_NAME_STRING "kxld"
#include <AssertMacros.h>

#include "kxld_array.h"
#include "kxld_dict.h"
#include "kxld_sect.h"
#include "kxld_sym.h"
#include "kxld_symtab.h"
#include "kxld_util.h"

struct kxld_symtab {
	KXLDArray syms;
	KXLDDict cxx_index;
	KXLDDict name_index;
	char *strings;
	u_int strsize;
	boolean_t cxx_index_initialized;
	boolean_t name_index_initialized;
};

/*******************************************************************************
* Prototypes
*******************************************************************************/

static kern_return_t init_macho(KXLDSymtab *symtab, struct symtab_command *src,
    u_char *macho, KXLDSeg * kernel_linkedit_seg,
    boolean_t is_32_bit)
__attribute__((nonnull(1, 2)));

#if KXLD_USER_OR_ILP32
static kern_return_t init_syms_32(KXLDSymtab *symtab, u_char *macho, u_long offset,
    u_int nsyms);
#endif
#if KXLD_USER_OR_LP64
static kern_return_t init_syms_64(KXLDSymtab *symtab, u_char *macho, u_long offset,
    u_int nsyms);
#endif

static void restrict_private_symbols(KXLDSymtab *symtab)
__attribute__((nonnull));
static boolean_t sym_is_defined_cxx(const KXLDSym *sym);
static boolean_t sym_is_name_indexed(const KXLDSym *sym);

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
size_t
kxld_symtab_sizeof()
{
	return sizeof(KXLDSymtab);
}

#if KXLD_USER_OR_ILP32
/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
kern_return_t
kxld_symtab_init_from_macho_32(KXLDSymtab *symtab, struct symtab_command *src,
    u_char *macho, KXLDSeg * kernel_linkedit_seg)
{
	return init_macho(symtab, src, macho, kernel_linkedit_seg,
	           /* is_32_bit */ TRUE);
}
#endif /* KXLD_USER_ILP32 */

#if KXLD_USER_OR_LP64
/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
kern_return_t
kxld_symtab_init_from_macho_64(KXLDSymtab *symtab, struct symtab_command *src,
    u_char *macho, KXLDSeg * kernel_linkedit_seg)
{
	return init_macho(symtab, src, macho, kernel_linkedit_seg,
	           /* is_32_bit */ FALSE);
}
#endif /* KXLD_USER_OR_LP64 */

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
static kern_return_t
init_macho(KXLDSymtab *symtab, struct symtab_command *src,
    u_char *macho, KXLDSeg * kernel_linkedit_seg,
    boolean_t is_32_bit __unused)
{
	kern_return_t rval = KERN_FAILURE;
	u_long symoff;
	u_char * macho_or_linkedit = macho;

	check(symtab);
	check(src);
	check(macho);

	/* Initialize the symbol array */

	rval = kxld_array_init(&symtab->syms, sizeof(KXLDSym), src->nsyms);
	require_noerr(rval, finish);

	/* Initialize the string table */

	if (kernel_linkedit_seg) {
		/* If initing the kernel file in memory, we can't trust
		 * the symtab offsets directly, because the kernel file has been mapped
		 * into memory and the mach-o offsets are disk-based.
		 *
		 * The symoff is an offset relative to the linkedit segment
		 * so we just subtract the fileoffset of the linkedit segment
		 * to get its relative start.
		 *
		 * The strings table is an actual pointer, so we calculate that from
		 * the linkedit's vmaddr.
		 *
		 * Further, the init_syms_... functions need an adjusted base
		 * pointer instead of the beginning of the macho, so we substitute
		 * the base of the linkedit segment.
		 */

		symoff = (u_long)(src->symoff - kernel_linkedit_seg->fileoff);
		symtab->strings = (char *)(uintptr_t)kernel_linkedit_seg->base_addr +
		    src->stroff - kernel_linkedit_seg->fileoff;
		macho_or_linkedit = (u_char *)(uintptr_t)kernel_linkedit_seg->base_addr;
	} else {
		symoff = (u_long)src->symoff;
		symtab->strings = (char *) (macho + src->stroff);
	}

	symtab->strsize = src->strsize;

	/* Initialize the symbols */

	KXLD_3264_FUNC(is_32_bit, rval,
	    init_syms_32, init_syms_64,
	    symtab, macho_or_linkedit, symoff, src->nsyms);
	require_noerr(rval, finish);

	/* Some symbols must be forced private for compatibility */
	(void) restrict_private_symbols(symtab);

	/* Save the output */

	rval = KERN_SUCCESS;

finish:
	return rval;
}

#if KXLD_USER_OR_ILP32
/*******************************************************************************
* In the running kernel, 'macho' is actually the start of the linkedit segment.
*******************************************************************************/
static kern_return_t
init_syms_32(KXLDSymtab *symtab, u_char *macho, u_long offset, u_int nsyms)
{
	kern_return_t rval = KERN_FAILURE;
	KXLDSym *sym = NULL;
	u_int i = 0;
	struct nlist *src_syms = (struct nlist *) ((void *) (macho + offset));

	for (i = 0; i < nsyms; ++i) {
		sym = kxld_array_get_item(&symtab->syms, i);
		require_action(sym, finish, rval = KERN_FAILURE);

		rval = kxld_sym_init_from_macho32(sym, symtab->strings, &src_syms[i]);
		require_noerr(rval, finish);
	}

	rval = KERN_SUCCESS;

finish:
	return rval;
}
#endif /* KXLD_USER_OR_ILP32 */

#if KXLD_USER_OR_LP64
/*******************************************************************************
* In the running kernel, 'macho' is actually the start of the linkedit segment.
*******************************************************************************/
static kern_return_t
init_syms_64(KXLDSymtab *symtab, u_char *macho, u_long offset, u_int nsyms)
{
	kern_return_t rval = KERN_FAILURE;
	KXLDSym *sym = NULL;
	u_int i = 0;
	struct nlist_64 *src_syms = (struct nlist_64 *) ((void *) (macho + offset));

	for (i = 0; i < nsyms; ++i) {
		sym = kxld_array_get_item(&symtab->syms, i);
		require_action(sym, finish, rval = KERN_FAILURE);

		rval = kxld_sym_init_from_macho64(sym, symtab->strings, &src_syms[i]);
		require_noerr(rval, finish);
	}

	rval = KERN_SUCCESS;

finish:
	return rval;
}
#endif /* KXLD_USER_OR_LP64 */

/*******************************************************************************
* Temporary workaround for PR-6668105
* new, new[], delete, and delete[] may be overridden globally in a kext.
* We should do this with some sort of weak symbols, but we'll flag these
* symbols as private for now to minimize risk.
*******************************************************************************/
static void
restrict_private_symbols(KXLDSymtab *symtab)
{
	const char *private_symbols[] = {
		KXLD_KMOD_INFO_SYMBOL,
		KXLD_OPERATOR_NEW_SYMBOL,
		KXLD_OPERATOR_NEW_ARRAY_SYMBOL,
		KXLD_OPERATOR_DELETE_SYMBOL,
		KXLD_OPERATOR_DELETE_ARRAY_SYMBOL
	};
	KXLDSymtabIterator iter;
	KXLDSym *sym = NULL;
	const char *name = NULL;
	u_int i = 0;

	kxld_symtab_iterator_init(&iter, symtab, kxld_sym_is_exported, FALSE);
	while ((sym = kxld_symtab_iterator_get_next(&iter))) {
		for (i = 0; i < const_array_len(private_symbols); ++i) {
			name = private_symbols[i];
			if (!streq(sym->name, name)) {
				continue;
			}

			kxld_sym_mark_private(sym);
		}
	}
}


/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
void
kxld_symtab_iterator_init(KXLDSymtabIterator *iter, const KXLDSymtab *symtab,
    KXLDSymPredicateTest test, boolean_t negate)
{
	check(iter);
	check(symtab);
	check(test);

	iter->symtab = symtab;
	iter->idx = 0;
	iter->test = test;
	iter->negate = negate;
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
void
kxld_symtab_clear(KXLDSymtab *symtab)
{
	check(symtab);

	kxld_array_clear(&symtab->syms);
	kxld_dict_clear(&symtab->cxx_index);
	kxld_dict_clear(&symtab->name_index);
	symtab->strings = NULL;
	symtab->strsize = 0;
	symtab->cxx_index_initialized = 0;
	symtab->name_index_initialized = 0;
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
void
kxld_symtab_deinit(KXLDSymtab *symtab)
{
	check(symtab);

	kxld_array_deinit(&symtab->syms);
	kxld_dict_deinit(&symtab->cxx_index);
	kxld_dict_deinit(&symtab->name_index);
	bzero(symtab, sizeof(*symtab));
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
u_int
kxld_symtab_get_num_symbols(const KXLDSymtab *symtab)
{
	check(symtab);

	return symtab->syms.nitems;
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
KXLDSym *
kxld_symtab_get_symbol_by_index(const KXLDSymtab *symtab, u_int idx)
{
	check(symtab);

	return kxld_array_get_item(&symtab->syms, idx);
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
KXLDSym *
kxld_symtab_get_symbol_by_name(const KXLDSymtab *symtab, const char *name)
{
	KXLDSym *sym = NULL;
	u_int i = 0;

	for (i = 0; i < symtab->syms.nitems; ++i) {
		sym = kxld_array_get_item(&symtab->syms, i);

		if (streq(sym->name, name)) {
			return sym;
		}
	}

	return NULL;
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
KXLDSym *
kxld_symtab_get_locally_defined_symbol_by_name(const KXLDSymtab *symtab,
    const char *name)
{
	check(symtab);
	check(name);

	return kxld_dict_find(&symtab->name_index, name);
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
KXLDSym *
kxld_symtab_get_cxx_symbol_by_value(const KXLDSymtab *symtab, kxld_addr_t value)
{
	check(symtab);

	return kxld_dict_find(&symtab->cxx_index, &value);
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
kern_return_t
kxld_symtab_get_sym_index(const KXLDSymtab *symtab, const KXLDSym *sym,
    u_int *symindex)
{
	kern_return_t rval = KERN_FAILURE;

	rval = kxld_array_get_index(&symtab->syms, sym, symindex);
	require_noerr(rval, finish);

	rval = KERN_SUCCESS;

finish:
	return rval;
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
u_long
kxld_symtab_get_macho_header_size(void)
{
	return sizeof(struct symtab_command);
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
u_long
kxld_symtab_get_macho_data_size(const KXLDSymtab *symtab, boolean_t is_32_bit)
{
	KXLDSymtabIterator iter;
	KXLDSym *sym = NULL;
	u_long size = 1; /* strtab start padding */
	u_int nsyms = 0;

	check(symtab);

	kxld_symtab_iterator_init(&iter, symtab,
	    kxld_sym_is_defined_locally, FALSE);

	while ((sym = kxld_symtab_iterator_get_next(&iter))) {
		size += strlen(sym->name) + 1;
		++nsyms;
	}

	if (is_32_bit) {
		size += nsyms * sizeof(struct nlist);
	} else {
		size += nsyms * sizeof(struct nlist_64);
	}

	size = (size + 7) & ~7;

	return size;
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
kern_return_t
kxld_symtab_export_macho(const KXLDSymtab *symtab, u_char *buf,
    u_long *header_offset, u_long header_size,
    u_long *data_offset, u_long data_size,
    boolean_t is_32_bit)
{
	kern_return_t rval = KERN_FAILURE;
	KXLDSymtabIterator iter;
	KXLDSym *sym = NULL;
	struct symtab_command *symtabhdr = NULL;
	u_char *nl = NULL;
	u_long nlistsize = 0;
	char *strtab = NULL;
	u_long stroff = 1; /* strtab start padding */

	check(symtab);
	check(buf);
	check(header_offset);
	check(data_offset);

	require_action(sizeof(*symtabhdr) <= header_size - *header_offset,
	    finish, rval = KERN_FAILURE);
	symtabhdr = (struct symtab_command *) ((void *) (buf + *header_offset));
	*header_offset += sizeof(*symtabhdr);

	/* Initialize the symbol table header */

	// note - this assumes LC_SYMTAB is always before the LC_DYSYMTAB in the
	// macho header we are processing.
	symtabhdr->cmd = LC_SYMTAB;
	symtabhdr->cmdsize = (uint32_t) sizeof(*symtabhdr);
	symtabhdr->symoff = (uint32_t) *data_offset;
	symtabhdr->strsize = 1; /* strtab start padding */

	/* Find the size of the symbol and string tables */

	kxld_symtab_iterator_init(&iter, symtab,
	    kxld_sym_is_defined_locally, FALSE);

	while ((sym = kxld_symtab_iterator_get_next(&iter))) {
		symtabhdr->nsyms++;
		symtabhdr->strsize += (uint32_t) (strlen(sym->name) + 1);
	}

	if (is_32_bit) {
		nlistsize = sizeof(struct nlist);
	} else {
		nlistsize = sizeof(struct nlist_64);
	}

	symtabhdr->stroff = (uint32_t) (symtabhdr->symoff +
	    (symtabhdr->nsyms * nlistsize));
	require_action(symtabhdr->stroff + symtabhdr->strsize <= data_size, finish,
	    rval = KERN_FAILURE);

	/* Get pointers to the symbol and string tables */
	nl = buf + symtabhdr->symoff;
	strtab = (char *) (buf + symtabhdr->stroff);

	/* Copy over the symbols */

	kxld_symtab_iterator_reset(&iter);
	while ((sym = kxld_symtab_iterator_get_next(&iter))) {
		KXLD_3264_FUNC(is_32_bit, rval,
		    kxld_sym_export_macho_32, kxld_sym_export_macho_64,
		    sym, nl, strtab, &stroff, symtabhdr->strsize);
		require_noerr(rval, finish);

		nl += nlistsize;
		stroff += rval;
	}

	/* Update the data offset */
	*data_offset += (symtabhdr->nsyms * nlistsize) + stroff;

	*data_offset = (*data_offset + 7) & ~7;
	// at this point data_offset will be the offset just past the
	// symbols and strings in the __LINKEDIT data


#if SPLIT_KEXTS_DEBUG
	{
		kxld_log(kKxldLogLinking, kKxldLogErr,
		    " %p to %p (size %lu) symtabhdr <%s>",
		    (void *) symtabhdr,
		    (void *) ((u_char *)symtabhdr + sizeof(*symtabhdr)),
		    sizeof(*symtabhdr),
		    __func__);

		kxld_log(kKxldLogLinking, kKxldLogErr,
		    " symtabhdr %p cmdsize %u symoff %u nsyms %u stroff %u strsize %u <%s>",
		    (void *) symtabhdr,
		    symtabhdr->cmdsize,
		    symtabhdr->symoff,
		    symtabhdr->nsyms,
		    symtabhdr->stroff,
		    symtabhdr->strsize,
		    __func__);
	}
#endif

	rval = KERN_SUCCESS;

finish:
	return rval;
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
u_int
kxld_symtab_iterator_get_num_remaining(const KXLDSymtabIterator *iter)
{
	u_int idx = 0;
	u_int count = 0;

	check(iter);

	for (idx = iter->idx; idx < iter->symtab->syms.nitems; ++idx) {
		count += iter->test(kxld_array_get_item(&iter->symtab->syms, idx));
	}

	return count;
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
kern_return_t
kxld_symtab_index_cxx_symbols_by_value(KXLDSymtab *symtab)
{
	kern_return_t rval = KERN_FAILURE;
	KXLDSymtabIterator iter;
	KXLDSym *sym = NULL;
	u_int nsyms = 0;

	check(symtab);

	if (symtab->cxx_index_initialized) {
		rval = KERN_SUCCESS;
		goto finish;
	}

	/* Count the number of C++ symbols */
	kxld_symtab_iterator_init(&iter, symtab, sym_is_defined_cxx, FALSE);
	nsyms = kxld_symtab_iterator_get_num_remaining(&iter);

	/* Create the dictionary */
	rval = kxld_dict_init(&symtab->cxx_index, kxld_dict_kxldaddr_hash,
	    kxld_dict_kxldaddr_cmp, nsyms);
	require_noerr(rval, finish);

	/* Insert the non-stab symbols */
	while ((sym = kxld_symtab_iterator_get_next(&iter))) {
		rval = kxld_dict_insert(&symtab->cxx_index, &sym->base_addr, sym);
		require_noerr(rval, finish);
	}


	symtab->cxx_index_initialized = TRUE;
	rval = KERN_SUCCESS;
finish:
	return rval;
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
static boolean_t
sym_is_defined_cxx(const KXLDSym *sym)
{
	return kxld_sym_is_defined_locally(sym) && kxld_sym_is_cxx(sym);
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
kern_return_t
kxld_symtab_index_symbols_by_name(KXLDSymtab *symtab)
{
	kern_return_t rval = KERN_FAILURE;
	KXLDSymtabIterator iter;
	KXLDSym *sym = NULL;
	u_int nsyms = 0;

	check(symtab);

	if (symtab->name_index_initialized) {
		rval = KERN_SUCCESS;
		goto finish;
	}

	/* Count the number of symbols we need to index by name */
	kxld_symtab_iterator_init(&iter, symtab, sym_is_name_indexed, FALSE);
	nsyms = kxld_symtab_iterator_get_num_remaining(&iter);

	/* Create the dictionary */
	rval = kxld_dict_init(&symtab->name_index, kxld_dict_string_hash,
	    kxld_dict_string_cmp, nsyms);
	require_noerr(rval, finish);

	/* Insert the non-stab symbols */
	while ((sym = kxld_symtab_iterator_get_next(&iter))) {
		rval = kxld_dict_insert(&symtab->name_index, sym->name, sym);
		require_noerr(rval, finish);
	}

	symtab->name_index_initialized = TRUE;
	rval = KERN_SUCCESS;
finish:

	return rval;
}
/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
static boolean_t
sym_is_name_indexed(const KXLDSym *sym)
{
	return kxld_sym_is_defined_locally(sym) && !kxld_sym_is_stab(sym);
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
kern_return_t
kxld_symtab_relocate(KXLDSymtab *symtab, const KXLDArray *sectarray)
{
	kern_return_t rval = KERN_FAILURE;
	KXLDSymtabIterator iter;
	KXLDSym *sym = NULL;
	const KXLDSect *sect = NULL;

	check(symtab);
	check(sectarray);

	kxld_symtab_iterator_init(&iter, symtab, kxld_sym_is_section, FALSE);

	while ((sym = kxld_symtab_iterator_get_next(&iter))) {
		sect = kxld_array_get_item(sectarray, sym->sectnum);
		require_action(sect, finish, rval = KERN_FAILURE);
		kxld_sym_relocate(sym, sect);
	}

	rval = KERN_SUCCESS;

finish:

	return rval;
}

/*******************************************************************************
* This extends the symbol table and initializes the new symbol.  We insert the
* symbol into the name index, but we don't bother with the c++ value index
* because it is based on the base_addr of the symbol, and the base_addr of
* all synthesized symbols will be 0.
*******************************************************************************/
kern_return_t
kxld_symtab_add_symbol(KXLDSymtab *symtab, char *name, kxld_addr_t link_addr,
    KXLDSym **symout)
{
	kern_return_t rval = KERN_FAILURE;
	KXLDSym *sym = NULL;
	u_int symindex = symtab->syms.nitems;

	rval = kxld_array_resize(&symtab->syms, symindex + 1);
	require_noerr(rval, finish);

	sym = kxld_array_get_item(&symtab->syms, symindex);
	kxld_sym_init_absolute(sym, name, link_addr);

	rval = kxld_dict_insert(&symtab->name_index, sym->name, sym);
	require_noerr(rval, finish);

	rval = KERN_SUCCESS;
	*symout = sym;

finish:
	return rval;
}

/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
KXLDSym *
kxld_symtab_iterator_get_next(KXLDSymtabIterator *iter)
{
	KXLDSym *sym = NULL;
	KXLDSym *tmp = NULL;
	boolean_t cmp = FALSE;

	check(iter);

	for (; iter->idx < iter->symtab->syms.nitems; ++iter->idx) {
		tmp = kxld_array_get_item(&iter->symtab->syms, iter->idx);
		cmp = iter->test(tmp);
		if (iter->negate) {
			cmp = !cmp;
		}

		if (cmp) {
			sym = tmp;
			++iter->idx;
			break;
		}
	}

	return sym;
}


/*******************************************************************************
*******************************************************************************/
void
kxld_symtab_iterator_reset(KXLDSymtabIterator *iter)
{
	check(iter);
	iter->idx = 0;
}